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The regional impact of a CO2 tax on gasoline demand: A spatial econometric approach

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  • Filippini, Massimo
  • Heimsch, Fabian

Abstract

In order to reduce CO2 emissions and mitigate climate change, several countries around the world have introduced a CO2 tax on energy consumption. Switzerland has already introduced a CO2 tax on gas and heating oil and is considering introducing a CO2 tax on gasoline and diesel as well. The effectiveness of such a tax depends on the level of the short- and long-run price elasticity. Moreover, acceptance of a CO2 tax by a society depends on both the distributional effects of such a tax among households and its spatial effects among regions. In this paper, the regional impact of a hypothetical CO2 tax on gasoline consumption in Switzerland is analysed by estimating a demand function for gasoline using panel data from 547 Swiss municipalities from 2001 to 2008. Gasoline sales were collected from the five largest gasoline companies operating in Switzerland, covering about 60% of overall sales. Swiss municipalities are relatively small units, and car ownership and use in one municipality is thought to influence gasoline sales in the neighbouring ones. Accordingly, the method used in the model also accounts for spatial correlation in the consumption of gasoline. Overall, our spatial econometric analysis shows that the tax burden of a CO2 tax will be higher in rural areas than in urban areas.

Suggested Citation

  • Filippini, Massimo & Heimsch, Fabian, 2016. "The regional impact of a CO2 tax on gasoline demand: A spatial econometric approach," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 85-100.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:resene:v:46:y:2016:i:c:p:85-100
    DOI: 10.1016/j.reseneeco.2016.07.002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:resene:v:50:y:2017:i:c:p:74-90 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Jansen, David-Jan & Jonker, Nicole, 2018. "Fuel tourism in Dutch border regions: Are only salient price differentials relevant?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 143-153.
    3. repec:eee:ecotra:v:15:y:2018:i:c:p:1-15 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:eneeco:v:72:y:2018:i:c:p:650-666 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Eliasson, Jonas & Pyddoke, Roger & Swärdh, Jan-Erik, 2018. "Distributional effects of taxes on car fuel, use, ownership and purchases," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 15(C), pages 1-15.
    6. repec:eee:renene:v:136:y:2019:i:c:p:317-330 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:eneeco:v:69:y:2018:i:c:p:270-279 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gasoline demand; Aggregate panel data; Spatial economic effect; Spatial econometrics;

    JEL classification:

    • D - Microeconomics
    • D2 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations
    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • R2 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis

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