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An empirical analysis of household energy choice in Ghana


  • Mensah, Justice Tei
  • Adu, George


Using data from two recently available living standards surveys, we trace the dynamics in cooking fuel choice among Ghanaian households over the period 2005/6 and 2012/13 and further investigate the main forces driving households׳ choice of a cooking fuel. Evidence from this paper reveals a significant transition from fuelwood use towards LPG over the period. Results further reveal factors such as price, reliability in supply of LPG, income and other household attributes as significant factors influencing households choice of a given energy type for cooking. Relevant policy prescriptions are offered to engender sustainable energy use and reduce over-reliance on the already depleted forest resources for biomass energy.

Suggested Citation

  • Mensah, Justice Tei & Adu, George, 2015. "An empirical analysis of household energy choice in Ghana," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 1402-1411.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:51:y:2015:i:c:p:1402-1411
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.07.050

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mensah, Justice Tei & Marbuah, George & Amoah, Anthony, 2016. "Energy demand in Ghana: A disaggregated analysis," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 924-935.
    2. Paul Kwakwa & Edward Debrah Wiafe, 2014. "I use firewood but I do not grow trees: An analysis of tree planting exercise among rural households in Ghana," Asian Bulletin of Energy Economics and Technology, Asian Online Journal Publishing Group, vol. 1(1), pages 7-12.
    3. Karimu, Amin & Mensah, Justice Tei & Adu, George, 2016. "Who Adopts LPG as the Main Cooking Fuel and Why? Empirical Evidence on Ghana Based on National Survey," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 43-57.
    4. Paul Adjei Kwakwa & Solomon Aboagye, 2014. "Energy consumption in Ghana and the story of economic growth, industrialization, trade openness and urbanization," Asian Bulletin of Energy Economics and Technology, Asian Online Journal Publishing Group, vol. 1(1), pages 1-6.
    5. Kwakwa, Paul Adjei, 2014. "Energy-growth nexus and energy demand in Ghana: A review of empirical studies," MPRA Paper 54971, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Apr 2014.
    6. repec:eee:enepol:v:109:y:2017:i:c:p:66-75 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    Cooking fuel choice; Fuel switching; LPG; Households; Ghana;

    JEL classification:

    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources


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