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Analysis of the main drivers of CO2 emissions changes in Colombia (1990–2012) and its political implications

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  • Román, Rocío
  • Cansino, José M.
  • Rodas, José A.

Abstract

In this study, an Index Decomposition Analysis-Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index (IDA-LMDI) model was developed to find the drivers behind the changes in CO2 emissions between 1990 and 2012 in Colombia. The results facilitate the assessment of the impact in Colombia of the main measures regarding the mitigation of CO2 emissions. Likewise, it allows us to analyze whether the recent measures implemented by the Colombian authorities to mitigate emissions are moving in the right direction. To carry out the decomposition analysis, six effects were taken into consideration: carbonization, the substitution of fossil fuels, the penetration of renewable energy, energy intensity, wealth and population. The effects of income and population appear as drivers of emissions for the period analyzed. A stylized analysis allows richer conclusions to be extracted regarding a battery of recommendations for emission mitigation policies that are compatible with economic growth in Colombia.

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  • Román, Rocío & Cansino, José M. & Rodas, José A., 2018. "Analysis of the main drivers of CO2 emissions changes in Colombia (1990–2012) and its political implications," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 116(PA), pages 402-411.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:renene:v:116:y:2018:i:pa:p:402-411
    DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2017.09.016
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    CO2 emissions; Renewable energy sources; Colombia; LMDI;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

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