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Reducing binge drinking? The effect of a ban on late-night off-premise alcohol sales on alcohol-related hospital stays in Germany

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  • Marcus, Jan
  • Siedler, Thomas

Abstract

Excessive alcohol consumption among young people is a major public health concern. On March 1, 2010, the German state of Baden-Württemberg banned the sale of alcoholic beverages between 10pm and 5am at off-premise outlets (e.g., gas stations, kiosks, supermarkets). We use rich monthly administrative data from a 70% random sample of all hospitalizations during the years 2007–2011 in Germany in order to evaluate the short-term impact of this policy on alcohol-related hospitalizations. Applying difference-in-differences methods, we find that the policy change reduces alcohol-related hospitalizations among adolescents and young adults by about 7%. There is also evidence of a decrease in the number of hospitalizations due to violent assault as a result of the ban.

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  • Marcus, Jan & Siedler, Thomas, 2015. "Reducing binge drinking? The effect of a ban on late-night off-premise alcohol sales on alcohol-related hospital stays in Germany," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 55-77.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:pubeco:v:123:y:2015:i:c:p:55-77
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2014.12.010
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    2. Hinnosaar, Marit, 2016. "Time inconsistency and alcohol sales restrictions," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 108-131.
    3. Joshua C. Hall & Josh Matti & Yang Zhou, 2020. "The economic impact of city–county consolidations: a synthetic control approach," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 184(1), pages 43-77, July.
    4. Zaklan, Aleksandar, 2016. "Free Allocation and the Endowment Effect in Cap-and-Trade Systems: Evidence from the European Electricity Sector," VfS Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145682, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    5. Dettmann, Eva & Giebler, Alexander & Weyh, Antje, 2020. "Flexpaneldid: A Stata toolbox for causal analysis with varying treatment time and duration," IWH Discussion Papers 3/2020, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
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    8. Friehe, Tim & Müller, Helge & Neumeier, Florian, 2018. "The effect of Western TV on crime: Evidence from East Germany," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 346-372.
    9. Felix Rösel, 2016. "Gibt es Einspareffekte durch Kreisgebietsreformen? – Evidenz aus Ostdeutschland," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 69(22), pages 26-33, November.
    10. Martin Bassols, Nicolau & Vall Castello, Judit, 2018. "Bar opening hours, alcohol consumption and workplace accidents," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 172-181.
    11. Nabanita Datta Gupta & Anton Nielsson, 2017. "Short- and Long-Term Effects of Adolescent Alcohol Access: Evidence from Denmark," Economics Working Papers 2017-03, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    12. Marcos Yamada Nakaguma & Brandon Restrepo, 2014. "Unintended Benefits of Election Day Alcohol Bans: Evidence from Road Crashes and Hospitalizations in Brazil," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2014_21, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).
    13. Roesel, Felix, 2017. "Do mergers of large local governments reduce expenditures? – Evidence from Germany using the synthetic control method," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 22-36.
    14. Caliendo, Marco & Hennecke, Juliane, 2020. "Drinking Is Different! Examining the Role of Locus of Control for Alcohol Consumption," IZA Discussion Papers 13273, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    15. Baumann, Florian & Buchwald, Achim & Friehe, Tim & Hottenrott, Hanna & Mechtel, Mario, 2019. "The effect of a ban on late-night off-premise alcohol sales on violent crime: Evidence from Germany," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C).
    16. Datta Gupta, Nabanita & Nilsson, Anton, 2020. "Legal Drinking, Injury and Harm: Evidence from the Introduction and Modifications of Age Limits in Denmark," IZA Discussion Papers 13401, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    17. René Petilliot, 2018. "The (Short-Term) Individual Welfare Consequences of an Alcohol Ban," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 979, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    18. Petilliot, René, 2018. "The (short-term) individual welfare consequences of an alcohol ban," FZG Discussion Papers 67, University of Freiburg, Research Center for Generational Contracts (FZG).
    19. Jonas Krämer & Jonas Schreyögg, 2019. "Demand-side determinants of rising hospital admissions in Germany: the role of ageing," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 20(5), pages 715-728, July.
    20. Molitor, Ramona, 2017. "Publicly announced speed limit enforcement and its impact on road safety: Evidence from the German Blitzmarathons," Passauer Diskussionspapiere, Volkswirtschaftliche Reihe V-75-17, University of Passau, Faculty of Business and Economics.
    21. Marcos Y. Nakaguma & Brandon J. Restrepo, 2018. "Restricting access to alcohol and public health: Evidence from electoral dry laws in Brazil," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(1), pages 141-156, January.
    22. Colin Peter Green & Bruce Philip Hollingsworth & Maria Navarro Paniagua, 2015. "Longer opening hours, alcohol consumption and health," Working Papers 100181794, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.
    23. Andrés Ham & Darío Maldonado & Michael Weintraub & Andrés Felipe Camacho & Daniela Gualtero, 2019. "Reducing Alcohol-Related Violence: A Field Experiment with Bartenders," Documentos de trabajo 017834, Escuela de Gobierno - Universidad de los Andes.
    24. Dettmann, Eva & Giebler, Alexander & Weyh, Antje, 2019. "flexpaneldid: A Stata command for causal analysis with varying treatment time and duration," IWH Discussion Papers 5/2019, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Binge drinking; Drinking hours; Alcohol control policies; Difference-in-differences; Hospital diagnosis statistics; Alcohol;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • D04 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Policy: Formulation; Implementation; Evaluation

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