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The effect of mergers and acquisitions on productivity: An empirical application to Spanish banking

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  • Bernad, Cristina
  • Fuentelsaz, Lucio
  • Gómez, Jaime

Abstract

Mergers and acquisitions are frequently justified in terms of value creation or efficiency improvements. Nevertheless, the evidence is not consistent with the existence of benefits in terms of the costs, productivity, profitability or market value of the firms involved. A distinguishing feature of extant research is that it focuses on the assessment of the consequences of mergers around the time in which the operation takes place, limiting the possibility of observing a complete integration between the merged firms. In this context, the objective of this paper is to evaluate the effects of mergers and acquisitions on the long-run productivity of Spanish savings banks. Our results show that productivity improvements can be found in only half of the mergers that take place during the period analyzed.

Suggested Citation

  • Bernad, Cristina & Fuentelsaz, Lucio & Gómez, Jaime, 2010. "The effect of mergers and acquisitions on productivity: An empirical application to Spanish banking," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 283-293, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jomega:v:38:y:2010:i:5:p:283-293
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    2. Lee, Peter K.C. & Cheng, T.C. Edwin & Yeung, Andy C.L. & Lai, Kee-hung, 2011. "An empirical study of transformational leadership, team performance and service quality in retail banks," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 690-701, December.
    3. Rojan Baniya & Sujan Adhikari, 2017. "Mergers and Acquisitions of the Financial Institutions: Factors Affecting the Employee Turnover Intention," NRB Economic Review, Nepal Rastra Bank, Economic Research Department, vol. 29(2), pages 1-31, October.
    4. Al-Khasawneh, Jamal Ali & Essaddam, Naceur & Hussain, Tashfeen, 2020. "Total productivity and cost efficiency dynamics of US merging banks: A non-parametric bootstrapped analysis of the fifth merger wave," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 199-211.
    5. Jaime Gómez & Raquel Orcos & Sergio Palomas, 2014. "The evolving patterns of competition after deregulation: the relevance of institutional and operational factors as determinants of rivalry," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 24(4), pages 905-933, September.
    6. Grifell-Tatjé, E., 2011. "Profit, productivity and distribution: Differences across organizational forms - The case of Spanish banks," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 72-83, June.
    7. Arocena, Pablo & Saal, David S. & Urakami, Takuya & Zschille, Michael, 2020. "Measuring and decomposing productivity change in the presence of mergers," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 282(1), pages 319-333.
    8. Toumi Hassen & Issaoui Fakhri & Ammouri Bilel & Touili Wassim & Hamdi Faouzi, 2018. "Dynamic Effects of Mergers and Acquisitions on the Performance of Commercial European Banks," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 9(3), pages 1032-1048, September.
    9. Hai-Liu Shi & Ying-Ming Wang & Sheng-Qun Chen & Yi-Xin Lan, 2017. "An approach to two-sided M&A fits based on a cross-efficiency evaluation with contrasting attitudes," Journal of the Operational Research Society, Palgrave Macmillan;The OR Society, vol. 68(1), pages 41-52, January.
    10. Li, Hui & Wu, Dongdong, 2024. "Online investor attention and firm restructuring performance: Insights from an event-based DEA-Tobit model," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 122(C).

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