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Life expectancy and human capital: Evidence from the international epidemiological transition

Listed author(s):
  • Hansen, Casper Worm

Exploiting preintervention variation in mortality from various infectious diseases, together with the time variation arising from medical breakthroughs in the late 1940s and the 1950s, this study examines how a large positive shock to life expectancy influenced the formation of human capital within countries during the second half of the 20th century. The results establish that the rise in life expectancy was behind a significant part of the increase in human capital over this period. According to the baseline estimate, for one additional year of life expectancy, years of schooling increase by 0.17 year. Moreover, the evidence suggests that declines in pneumonia mortality are the underlying cause of this finding, indicating that improved childhood health increases human capital investments.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167629613001306
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Health Economics.

Volume (Year): 32 (2013)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 1142-1152

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jhecon:v:32:y:2013:i:6:p:1142-1152
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2013.09.011
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505560

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