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Protectionism versus risk in screening for invasive species

  • Lawley, Chad

I examine the extent to which enforcement of a biosecurity import restriction – US border inspections for foreign pests and diseases – is used as a protectionist trade barrier. The parameters of a structural model of border inspection are estimated using a detailed dataset documenting the outcome of US agricultural border inspections. I find that inspections are conducted in a manner that places an implied welfare weight on domestic producers (relative to consumers) ranging from 1 to 1.63. I also find evidence that the inspection agency takes terms of trade into account when inspecting agricultural imports. These results suggest that border inspections are used as a protectionist non-tariff barrier.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0095069612001155
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Environmental Economics and Management.

Volume (Year): 65 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 438-451

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jeeman:v:65:y:2013:i:3:p:438-451
DOI: 10.1016/j.jeem.2012.11.001
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622870

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