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Mind the tail, or risk to fail

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  • Gupta, Jairaj
  • Chaudhry, Sajid

Abstract

In this study we hypothesise that more frequent extreme negative daily equity returns result in higher tail risk, and this subsequently increases firms' likelihood of entering financial distress. Specifically, we investigate the role of Value-at-risk and Expected Shortfall in aggravating firms' likelihood of experiencing financial distress. Our results show that longer horizon (three- and five-year) tail risk measures contributes positively toward firms' likelihood of experiencing financial distress. Additionally, considering the declining number of bankruptcy filings, and increasing out-of-court negotiations and debt reorganisations, we argue in favour of penalising firms for becoming sufficiently close to bankruptcy that they have questionable going-concern status. Thus, we propose a definition of financial distress contingent upon firms' earnings, financial expenses, market value and operating cash flow.

Suggested Citation

  • Gupta, Jairaj & Chaudhry, Sajid, 2019. "Mind the tail, or risk to fail," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 167-185.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbrese:v:99:y:2019:i:c:p:167-185
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.02.037
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tail risk; Value-at-risk; Downside risk; Expected shortfall; Bankruptcy; Financial distress;

    JEL classification:

    • G17 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Financial Forecasting and Simulation
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods

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