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Optimizing international portfolios with options and forwards


  • Topaloglou, Nikolas
  • Vladimirou, Hercules
  • Zenios, Stavros A.


We develop a stochastic programming model to address in a unified manner a number of interrelated decisions in international portfolio management: optimal portfolio diversification and mitigation of market and currency risks. The goal is to control the portfolio’s total risk exposure and attain an effective balance between risk and expected return. By incorporating options and forward contracts in the portfolio optimization model we are able to numerically assess the performance of alternative tactics for mitigating exposure to the primary risks. We find that control of market risk with options has more significant impact on portfolio performance than currency hedging. We demonstrate through extensive empirical tests that incremental benefits, in terms of reducing risk and generating profits, are gained when both the market and currency risks are jointly controlled through appropriate means.

Suggested Citation

  • Topaloglou, Nikolas & Vladimirou, Hercules & Zenios, Stavros A., 2011. "Optimizing international portfolios with options and forwards," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 3188-3201.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:35:y:2011:i:12:p:3188-3201 DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2011.05.003

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Matmoura, Yassine & Penev, Spiridon, 2013. "Multistage optimization of option portfolio using higher order coherent risk measures," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 227(1), pages 190-198.
    2. Marco Cassader & Sergio Ortobelli Lozza, 2013. "Portfolio selection with options," Working Papers (2013-) 1303_qum, University of Bergamo, Department of Management, Economics and Quantitative Methods.
    3. Bajo, Emanuele & Barbi, Massimiliano & Romagnoli, Silvia, 2014. "Optimal corporate hedging using options with basis and production risk," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 56-71.
    4. Margarita E. Fatyanova & Mikhail E. Semenov, 2017. "Model for Constructing an Options Portfolio with a Certain Payoff Function," Papers 1707.02087,

    More about this item


    International portfolios; Stochastic programming; Options; Forwards; Risk management;

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis


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