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Measurement of airlines’ capacity utilization and cost gap: Evidence from low-cost carriers

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  • Yu, Ming-Miin
  • Chang, Yu-Chun
  • Chen, Li-Hsueh

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the capacity utilization and cost gap between actual and global long-run minimum costs. Based on the data for thirteen low-cost carriers around the world for the year 2010, an input-oriented data envelopment analysis model is used to estimate the physical capacity utilization and cost gap between actual and global long-run minimum costs. The empirical results show that more than half of low-cost carriers should improve their capacity utilization, and all low-cost carriers should enhance their market efficiency and reduce their excess costs. Of the thirteen low-cost carriers, three should improve their technical efficiency, four should re-distribute the mix of variable inputs, all thirteen should pay lower prices for all variable inputs, and ten should enhance the utilization rate of their fixed factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Yu, Ming-Miin & Chang, Yu-Chun & Chen, Li-Hsueh, 2016. "Measurement of airlines’ capacity utilization and cost gap: Evidence from low-cost carriers," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 186-198.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jaitra:v:53:y:2016:i:c:p:186-198
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2016.03.005
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    Cited by:

    1. Wanke, Peter & Barros, C.P., 2016. "Efficiency in Latin American airlines: A two-stage approach combining Virtual Frontier Dynamic DEA and Simplex Regression," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 93-103.
    2. Zhuo-wan Liu & Tomas Balezentis & Yao-yao Song & Guo-liang Yang, 2019. "Estimating Capacity Utilization of Chinese State Farms," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(18), pages 1-29, September.
    3. Pan, Jing Yu & Truong, Dothang, 2018. "Passengers’ intentions to use low-cost carriers: An extended theory of planned behavior model," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 38-48.
    4. Yang, Guo-liang & Fukuyama, Hirofumi, 2018. "Measuring the Chinese regional production potential using a generalized capacity utilization indicator," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 112-127.
    5. Yang, Guo-liang & Fukuyama, Hirofumi & Song, Yao-yao, 2019. "Estimating capacity utilization of Chinese manufacturing industries," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 94-110.

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