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Evaluating energy efficiency for airlines: An application of VFB-DEA

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  • Cui, Qiang
  • Li, Ye

Abstract

In this paper, the energy efficiency of airlines has been studied with number of employees, capital stock and tons of aviation kerosene as the inputs and Revenue Ton Kilometers, Revenue Passenger Kilometers, total business income and CO2 emissions decrease index as the outputs. A new model, Virtual Frontier Benevolent DEA Cross Efficiency model (VFB-DEA), is proposed to calculate the energy efficiencies of 11 airlines from 2008 to 2012. Spearman correlation coefficient is applied to validate the applicability of the new model. The results indicate that capital efficiency is an important factor in driving energy efficiency, and the American financial crisis had a significant influence on the change in energy efficiency during this period.

Suggested Citation

  • Cui, Qiang & Li, Ye, 2015. "Evaluating energy efficiency for airlines: An application of VFB-DEA," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 44, pages 34-41.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jaitra:v:44-45:y:2015:i::p:34-41
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jairtraman.2015.02.008
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    Keywords

    Energy efficiency; Airlines; VFB-DEA;

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