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Order aggressiveness and quantity: How are they determined in a limit order market?

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  • Lo, Ingrid
  • Sapp, Stephen G.

Abstract

Dealers trading in a limit order market must choose both the order aggressiveness and the quantity for their orders. Since little research has considered how dealers make this trade-off, we empirically investigate how dealers jointly make these decisions in the foreign exchange market using a unique simultaneous equations model. Our model uses an ordered probit model to account for the discrete nature of order aggressiveness and a censored regression model to capture the quantity decision recognizing the clustering of orders at the smallest available quantity, $1 million. Using two currency pairs with very different trading characteristics, we find evidence of a trade-off between order aggressiveness and quantity. We also find a significant role being played by factors related to the levels of information asymmetry and liquidity in the dealers' choices of both the order aggressiveness and quantity.

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  • Lo, Ingrid & Sapp, Stephen G., 2010. "Order aggressiveness and quantity: How are they determined in a limit order market?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 20(3), pages 213-237, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intfin:v:20:y:2010:i:3:p:213-237
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    Cited by:

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    2. S. C. P. Yam & W. Zhou, 2017. "Optimal Liquidation of Child Limit Orders," Mathematics of Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 42(2), pages 517-545, May.
    3. Lallouache, Mehdi & Abergel, Frédéric, 2014. "Tick size reduction and price clustering in a FX order book," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 416(C), pages 488-498.
    4. Sirimon Treepongkaruna & Robert Brooks & Stephen Gray, 2012. "Do trading hours affect volatility links in the foreign exchange market?," Australian Journal of Management, Australian School of Business, vol. 37(1), pages 7-27, April.
    5. Katarzyna Bień-Barkowska, 2014. "Capturing Order Book Dynamics in the Interbank EUR/PLN Spot Market," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(1), pages 93-117, January.
    6. Ledenyov, Dimitri O. & Ledenyov, Viktor O., 2015. "Wave function method to forecast foreign currencies exchange rates at ultra high frequency electronic trading in foreign currencies exchange markets," MPRA Paper 67470, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Stenfors, Alexis & Susai, Masayuki, 2019. "Liquidity withdrawal in the FX spot market: A cross-country study using high-frequency data," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 36-57.
    8. Valenzuela, Marcela & Zer, Ilknur, 2013. "Competition, signaling and non-walking through the book: Effects on order choice," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5421-5435.
    9. Wei Cui & Anthony Brabazon & Michael O'Neill, 2011. "Dynamic trade execution: a grammatical evolution approach," International Journal of Financial Markets and Derivatives, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(1/2), pages 4-31.
    10. Coluzzi, Chiara & Ginebri, Sergio, 2008. "Order Dynamics in the Italian Treasury Security Wholesale Secondary Market," Economics & Statistics Discussion Papers esdp08050, University of Molise, Dept. EGSeI.
    11. Hung, Pi-Hsia, 2016. "Investor sentiment, order submission, and investment performance on the Taiwan Stock Exchange," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 124-140.
    12. Martin D. Gould & Mason A. Porter & Sam D. Howison, 2015. "Quasi-Centralized Limit Order Books," Papers 1502.00680, arXiv.org, revised Oct 2016.
    13. Lien, Donald & Hung, Pi-Hsia & Lin, Zong-Wei, 2020. "Whose trades move stock prices? Evidence from the Taiwan Stock Exchange," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 25-50.
    14. Będowska-Sójka, Barbara, 2020. "Do aggressive orders affect liquidity? An evidence from an emerging market," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    15. King, Michael R. & Osler, Carol L. & Rime, Dagfinn, 2013. "The market microstructure approach to foreign exchange: Looking back and looking forward," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 95-119.
    16. Smales, Lee A., 2016. "Order aggressiveness of different broker-types in response to monetary policy news," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 40(PB), pages 367-383.
    17. Martin D. Gould & Mason A. Porter & Stacy Williams & Mark McDonald & Daniel J. Fenn & Sam D. Howison, 2013. "Limit order books," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(11), pages 1709-1742, November.
    18. Martin D. Gould & Mason A. Porter & Stacy Williams & Mark McDonald & Daniel J. Fenn & Sam D. Howison, 2010. "Limit Order Books," Papers 1012.0349, arXiv.org, revised Apr 2013.
    19. Alexis Stenfors & Masayuki Susai, 2018. "Spoofing and Pinging in Foreign Exchange Markets," Working Papers in Economics & Finance 2018-05, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth Business School, Economics and Finance Subject Group.
    20. Alexis Stenfors & Masayuki Susai, 2017. "Algorithmic Trading Behaviour and High-Frequency Liquidity Withdrawal in the FX Spot Market," Working Papers in Economics & Finance 2017-04, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth Business School, Economics and Finance Subject Group.
    21. Tseng, Yi-Heng & Chen, Shu-Heng, 2015. "Limit order book transparency and order aggressiveness at the closing call: Lessons from the TWSE 2012 new information disclosure mechanism," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 35(PA), pages 241-272.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    International finance Market microstructure Foreign exchange Limit order book;

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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