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Comparative analysis of direct employment generated by renewable and non-renewable power plants

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  • Cartelle Barros, Juan José
  • Lara Coira, Manuel
  • de la Cruz López, María Pilar
  • del Caño Gochi, Alfredo

Abstract

A probabilistic and analytical model is presented to assess the direct employment generated by power plants, throughout their lifecycles, from when the fuel is being extracted to the decommissioning stage. To represent the majority of regions and countries around the world, this model provides a global, general and probabilistic vision for all the most common kinds of power plants. Direct job creation is expressed per unit of electricity produced over the plant's lifetime, by means of a normalisation process. Renewables obtained a direct employment generation of around 0.1 to 4 job-years/GWh. On the other hand, the same figure for non-renewable power plants is about 0.1–2.4 job-years/GWh. The results reinforce the idea that some renewable -such as photovoltaic, biomass, mini-hydro and high temperature solar thermal power plants-are still the options with the highest direct employment generation. Nevertheless, this study demonstrates that not all renewables present a high direct employment generation. It also shows that non-renewable alternatives can compete with their renewable counterparts under certain conditions.

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  • Cartelle Barros, Juan José & Lara Coira, Manuel & de la Cruz López, María Pilar & del Caño Gochi, Alfredo, 2017. "Comparative analysis of direct employment generated by renewable and non-renewable power plants," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 139(C), pages 542-554.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:139:y:2017:i:c:p:542-554
    DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2017.08.025
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    2. Capellán-Pérez, Iñigo & Campos-Celador, Álvaro & Terés-Zubiaga, Jon, 2018. "Renewable Energy Cooperatives as an instrument towards the energy transition in Spain," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 215-229.
    3. Kobashi, Takuro & Yoshida, Takahiro & Yamagata, Yoshiki & Naito, Katsuhiko & Pfenninger, Stefan & Say, Kelvin & Takeda, Yasuhiro & Ahl, Amanda & Yarime, Masaru & Hara, Keishiro, 2020. "On the potential of “Photovoltaics + Electric vehicles” for deep decarbonization of Kyoto’s power systems: Techno-economic-social considerations," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 275(C).
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    5. Allan, Grant J. & Ross, Andrew G., 2019. "The characteristics of energy employment in a system-wide context," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 238-258.
    6. Ramos, Carmen & García, Ana Salomé & Moreno, Blanca & Díaz, Guzmán, 2019. "Small-scale renewable power technologies are an alternative to reach a sustainable economic growth: Evidence from Spain," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 13-25.
    7. Cartelle Barros, Juan José & Lara Coira, Manuel & de la Cruz López, María Pilar & del Caño Gochi, Alfredo & Soares, Isabel, 2020. "Probabilistic multicriteria environmental assessment of power plants: A global approach," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 260(C).
    8. Arbolino, Roberta & Boffardi, Raffaele & Ioppolo, Giuseppe, 2019. "The effectiveness of European energy policy on the Italian system: Regional evidences from a hierarchical cluster analysis approach," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 47-61.

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