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Potential impacts of the Emissions Reduction Fund on the Australian economy

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  • Nong, Duy
  • Siriwardana, Mahinda

Abstract

This paper examines the impacts of the Emissions Reduction Fund on the Australian economy. The GTAP-E model has been extended to allocate the subsidy directly to each eligible sector. The simulation of the subsidy policy has been supplemented by introducing an improvement of energy efficiency to non-agricultural sectors and of resource efficiency by using endowment factors in the agricultural sector. Results indicate that, with the current budget of A$2.55 billion, or US$1.86 billion (Scenario 1), Australia can only achieve the minimum cumulative emissions reduction target of 225 MtCO2-e during 2015–20. Australia needs a budget of US$2.08 billion (Scenario 2) to achieve the maximum cumulative emissions reduction target of 279 MtCO2-e. In both scenarios, the agricultural sector receives the highest payment from the Australian Federal Government under the subsidy programme, followed by the electricity generation sector. Under the scheme, Australia experiences only a mild contraction in the economy, with a reduction of real GDP by 0.37% and 0.55% in the two scenarios, respectively.

Suggested Citation

  • Nong, Duy & Siriwardana, Mahinda, 2018. "Potential impacts of the Emissions Reduction Fund on the Australian economy," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 387-398.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:74:y:2018:i:c:p:387-398
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2018.06.023
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    Cited by:

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    2. Nong, Duy, 2020. "Development of the electricity-environmental policy CGE model (GTAP-E-PowerS): A case of the carbon tax in South Africa," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 140(C).
    3. Nong, Duy & Nguyen, Duong Binh & Nguyen, Trung H. & Wang, Can & Siriwardana, Mahinda, 2020. "A stronger energy strategy for a new era of economic development in Vietnam: A quantitative assessment," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 144(C).
    4. Nong, Duy & Simshauser, Paul, 2020. "On energy and climate change policies: The impact of baseline projections," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 269(C).
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    6. Siriwardana, Mahinda & Nong, Duy, 2021. "Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to decarbonise the world: A transitional impact evaluation," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(C).
    7. Nguyen, Phuong Anh & Abbott, Malcolm & Nguyen, Thanh Loan T., 2019. "The development and cost of renewable energy resources in Vietnam," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 59-66.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Australia; Emissions Reduction Fund; Energy efficiency; Resource efficiency; Electricity generation sector; GTAP-E model;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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