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Gasoline price and new vehicle fuel efficiency: Evidence from Canada

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  • Rivers, Nicholas
  • Schaufele, Brandon

Abstract

Using data on all new vehicles registered in Canada from 2000 to 2010, we estimate the elasticity of the fuel economy of the new vehicle stock with respect to gasoline price. We find that a 10% increase in gasoline price causes a 0.8% improvement in the fuel economy of new vehicles. However, we also show that consumers respond much more strongly to fuel taxes than to other components of the gasoline price. Finally, we provide evidence that consumers in dense urban areas are more responsive to changes in fuel prices than consumers living on the urban periphery.

Suggested Citation

  • Rivers, Nicholas & Schaufele, Brandon, 2017. "Gasoline price and new vehicle fuel efficiency: Evidence from Canada," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 454-465.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:68:y:2017:i:c:p:454-465
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2017.10.026
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Azarafshar, Roshanak & Vermeulen, Wessel N., 2020. "Electric vehicle incentive policies in Canadian provinces," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(C).
    2. Guangyong Zhang & Lixin Tian & Wenbin Zhang & Xu Yan & Bingyue Wan & Zaili Zhen, 2020. "A Study on the Similarities and Differences of the Conventional Gasoline Spot Price Fluctuation Network between Different Harbors," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(2), pages 1-25, January.
    3. Xiang, Di & Lawley, Chad, 2019. "The impact of British Columbia's carbon tax on residential natural gas consumption," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 206-218.
    4. Greene, David L. & Sims, Charles B. & Muratori, Matteo, 2020. "Two trillion gallons: Fuel savings from fuel economy improvements to US light-duty vehicles, 1975–2018," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 142(C).
    5. Alberini, Anna & Horvath, Marco & Vance, Colin, 2021. "Drive less, drive better, or both? Behavioral adjustments to fuel price changes in Germany," Ruhr Economic Papers 892, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    6. Sheldon, Tamara L. & Dua, Rubal, 2021. "How responsive is Saudi new vehicle fleet fuel economy to fuel-and vehicle-price policy levers?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(C).
    7. Balaguer, Jacint & Ripollés, Jordi, 2020. "Do classes of gas stations contribute differently to fuel prices? Evidence to foster effective competition in Spain," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 139(C).
    8. Rasti-Barzoki, Morteza & Moon, Ilkyeong, 2020. "A game theoretic approach for car pricing and its energy efficiency level versus governmental sustainability goals by considering rebound effect: A case study of South Korea," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 271(C).
    9. Randall Wigle, 2019. "The Economic Case for EV Supports? Or: Network Effects, EV Pessimism and EV Supports," LCERPA Working Papers ec0123, Laurier Centre for Economic Research and Policy Analysis, revised 23 Oct 2019.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gasoline demand; Vehicle choice; Elasticity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • R48 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government Pricing and Policy

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