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The econometric consequences of an energy consumption variable in a model of CO2 emissions

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  • Jaforullah, Mohammad
  • King, Alan

Abstract

Many studies that model the determinants of CO2 emissions treat energy consumption as one of its determinants. Itkonen (2012) argues that this causes underestimation of both the responsiveness of CO2 emissions to income growth and the turning point of the carbon Kuznets curve. We first demonstrate that Itkonen's (2012) conclusions are sensitive to the assumed form of the relationship between energy consumption and income. We then argue that the presence of an energy consumption variable in a model of CO2 emissions can lead to systematic volatility in its coefficients, which has the potential to change their magnitude and sign. We also argue that misleading cointegration test results can be generated by such a model. The potential nature and severity of these effects are illustrated with data for seven countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaforullah, Mohammad & King, Alan, 2017. "The econometric consequences of an energy consumption variable in a model of CO2 emissions," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 84-91.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:63:y:2017:i:c:p:84-91
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2017.01.025
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    Cited by:

    1. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Sinha, Avik, 2018. "Environmental Kuznets Curve for CO2 Emission: A Literature Survey," MPRA Paper 86281, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 11 Apr 2018.
    2. Jeyhun I. Mikayilov & Fakhri J. Hasanov & Marzio Galeotti, 2018. "Decoupling of C02 Emissions and GDP: A Time-Varying Cointegration Approach," IEFE Working Papers 101, IEFE, Center for Research on Energy and Environmental Economics and Policy, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    CO2 emissions; Energy consumption; Carbon intensity; Carbon Kuznets curve; Systematic volatility;

    JEL classification:

    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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