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Problems estimating the carbon Kuznets curve

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  • Itkonen, Juha V.A.

Abstract

We discover flaws in the foundations of a recent strand of literature estimating the carbon Kuznets curve (CKC). The CKC hypothesizes that carbon dioxide emissions initially increase with economic growth but that the relationship is eventually reversed. The recent literature attempts to estimate the CKC by adding energy consumption as a control variable. Due to model misspecifications related to the econometric methodology and database definitions, the results are biased to support the existence of a CKC. Consequently the literature underestimates the need for climate policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Itkonen, Juha V.A., 2012. "Problems estimating the carbon Kuznets curve," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 274-280.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:39:y:2012:i:1:p:274-280
    DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2012.01.018
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    Cited by:

    1. Zhao, Xueting & Burnett, J. Wesley & Lacombe, Donald J., 2014. "Province-level Convergence of China CO2 Emission Intensity," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 169403, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    2. Zhao, Xueting & Burnett, J. Wesley & Fletcher, Jerald J., 2013. "Spatial Analysis of China Provincial-Level CO2 Emission Intensity," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 149006, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    3. Burnett, J. Wesley, 2016. "Club convergence and clustering of U.S. energy-related CO2 emissions," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 62-84.
    4. Bölük, Gülden & Mert, Mehmet, 2014. "Fossil & renewable energy consumption, GHGs (greenhouse gases) and economic growth: Evidence from a panel of EU (European Union) countries," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 439-446.
    5. J. Wesley Burnett & Xueting Zhao, 2014. "Forecasting U.S. State-Level Carbon Dioxide Emissions," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 44(3), pages 223-240, Winter.
    6. Hao, Yu & Wei, Yi-Ming, 2015. "When does the turning point in China's CO2 emissions occur? Results based on the Green Solow model," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(06), pages 723-745, December.
    7. repec:nwe:eajour:y:2017:i:4:p:651-670 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Antal, Miklós, 2014. "Green goals and full employment: Are they compatible?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 276-286.
    9. repec:eee:eneeco:v:63:y:2017:i:c:p:84-91 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Zhao, Xueting & Wesley Burnett, J. & Lacombe, Donald J., 2015. "Province-level convergence of China’s carbon dioxide emissions," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 286-295.
    11. Burnett, J. Wesley & Bergstrom, John C. & Dorfman, Jeffrey H., 2013. "A spatial panel data approach to estimating U.S. state-level energy emissions," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 396-404.
    12. Abid, Mehdi, 2016. "Impact of economic, financial, and institutional factors on CO2 emissions: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa economies," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 85-94.
    13. Burnett, J. Wesley & Bergstrom, John C. & Wetzstein, Michael E., 2013. "Carbon dioxide emissions and economic growth in the U.S," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 1014-1028.
    14. Adewuyi, Adeolu O. & Awodumi, Olabanji B., 2017. "Biomass energy consumption, economic growth and carbon emissions: Fresh evidence from West Africa using a simultaneous equation model," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 453-471.
    15. Liddle, Brantley, 2015. "What Are the Carbon Emissions Elasticities for Income and Population? Bridging STIRPAT and EKC via robust heterogeneous panel estimates," MPRA Paper 61304, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Thomakos, Dimitrios D. & Alexopoulos, Thomas A., 2016. "Carbon intensity as a proxy for environmental performance and the informational content of the EPI," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 179-190.

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