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Integration, productivity and technological spillovers: Evidence for eurozone banking industries

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  • Casu, Barbara
  • Ferrari, Alessandra
  • Girardone, Claudia
  • Wilson, John O.S.

Abstract

In the context of the current debate on increased integration of eurozone banking markets following the global financial and sovereign debt crises, this paper evaluates the impact of regulatory reform, starting from the inception of the Single Market in 1992, on bank productivity and assesses the cross-border benefits of integration in terms of technological spillovers. We utilise a parametric meta-frontier Divisia index to estimate productivity change and identify technological gaps. We then assess the extent to which productivity converges within and across banking industries as a result of technological spillovers. Our results suggest that productivity growth has occurred for eurozone countries, driven by technological progress, both at the country and the supra-country level, although the latter slows or in some cases reverses since the onset of the crisis. Technological spillovers do exist, and have led to progression toward the best technology. However, convergence is not complete and significant long run differences in productivity persist. Improvements in technology are increasingly concentrated in fewer banking industries.

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  • Casu, Barbara & Ferrari, Alessandra & Girardone, Claudia & Wilson, John O.S., 2016. "Integration, productivity and technological spillovers: Evidence for eurozone banking industries," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 255(3), pages 971-983.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ejores:v:255:y:2016:i:3:p:971-983
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2016.06.007
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    Cited by:

    1. Kounetas, Konstantinos & Stergiou, Eirini, 2019. "Examining eco-efficiency convergence of European Industries.The existence of technological spillovers within a metafrontier framework," MPRA Paper 94286, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. repec:kap:jproda:v:51:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1007_s11123-019-00544-x is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:proeco:v:193:y:2017:i:c:p:465-478 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Philip Molyneux, 2013. "Performance in European Banking: Productivity, Profitability and Employment Trends," SUERF 50th Anniversary Volume Chapters, in: Morten Balling & Ernest Gnan (ed.), 50 Years of Money and Finance: Lessons and Challenges, chapter 10, pages 355-376, SUERF - The European Money and Finance Forum.
    5. Kevork, Ilias S. & Pange, Jenny & Tzeremes, Panayiotis & Tzeremes, Nickolaos G., 2017. "Estimating Malmquist productivity indexes using probabilistic directional distances: An application to the European banking sector," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 261(3), pages 1125-1140.
    6. Serati, Massimiliano & Venegoni, Andrea, 2019. "The cross-country impact of ECB policies: Asymmetries in – Asymmetries out?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 118-141.
    7. Tsionas, Mike G. & Izzeldin, Marwan, 2018. "Smooth approximations to monotone concave functions in production analysis: An alternative to nonparametric concave least squares," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 271(3), pages 797-807.
    8. repec:spr:joevec:v:29:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s00191-018-0589-x is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Degl'Innocenti, Marta & Kourtzidis, Stavros A. & Sevic, Zeljko & Tzeremes, Nickolaos G., 2017. "Bank productivity growth and convergence in the European Union during the financial crisis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 184-199.
    10. Ilias S. Kevork & Christos Kollias & Panayiotis Tzeremes & Nickolaos G. Tzeremes, 2018. "European financial crisis and bank productivity: evidence from Eastern European Countries," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(4), pages 283-289, February.
    11. Colesnic, Olga & Kounetas, Kostas & Polemis, Michael, 2018. "Estimating risk efficiency in MiddleEast banks before and after the crisis.A Metafrontier framework," MPRA Paper 84795, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Chaffai, Mohamed & Coccorese, Paolo, 2019. "How far away is the MENA banking system? Efficiency comparisons with international banks," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 378-395.

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    Keywords

    Productivity growth; Divisia index; Spillovers; Convergence; European banking;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity

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