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Labor market consequences of childhood onset type 1 diabetes

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  • Persson, Sofie
  • Gerdtham, Ulf-G.
  • Steen Carlsson, Katarina

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of the onset of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) before 15 years of age on labor market outcomes and contributes to the literature on effects of childhood health on adult socioeconomic status. Using national Swedish socioeconomic register data 1991–2010 for 2485 individuals born 1972–1978 with onset of T1DM in 1977–1993, we find that T1DM in childhood has a negative effect on labor market outcomes later in life. Part of the T1DM effect is channeled through occupational field which may be related to both choice and opportunities. Although the magnitude of the effect is only directly generalizable to illnesses with similar attributes as T1DM, the results suggest that causality in the often observed correlation between health and socioeconomic status, at least partly, is explained by an effect running from health to earnings. This has implications for research and policy on strategies to reduce socioeconomic-related health inequality. Our findings also shed light on productivity losses, measured by employment status and earnings due to childhood onset T1DM, which have implications for both the individual and society.

Suggested Citation

  • Persson, Sofie & Gerdtham, Ulf-G. & Steen Carlsson, Katarina, 2016. "Labor market consequences of childhood onset type 1 diabetes," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 180-192.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ehbiol:v:23:y:2016:i:c:p:180-192
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ehb.2016.09.003
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    2. Sung‐Hee Jeon & Jungwee Park & Dafna Kohen, 2023. "Childhood‐onset disabilities and lifetime earnings growth: A longitudinal analysis," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(8), pages 1749-1766, August.
    3. Ida Lovén & Katarina Steen Carlsson, 2017. "Early Onset of Type 1 Diabetes and Educational Field at Upper Secondary and University Level: Is Own Experience an Asset for a Health Care Career?," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 14(7), pages 1-23, June.
    4. Sayaka Sakoda, 2022. "Full-Time or Working Caregiver? A Health Economics Perspective on the Supply of Care for Type 1 Diabetes Patients," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(3), pages 1-16, January.
    5. Emma Persson & Sofie Persson & Ulf-G. Gerdtham & Katarina Steen Carlsson, 2019. "Effect of type 1 diabetes on school performance in a dynamic world: new analysis exploring Swedish register data," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 51(24), pages 2606-2622, May.
    6. Eriksen, Tine Louise Mundbjerg & Gaulke, Amanda & Svensson, Jannet & Skipper, Niels & Thingholm, Peter Rønø, 2023. "Childhood Health Shocks and the Intergenerational Transmission of Inequality," IZA Discussion Papers 16447, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Childhood health; Chronic disease; Type 1 diabetes; Earnings; Employment;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I00 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - General - - - General
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General

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