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The impact of diabetes on employment: genetic IVs in a bivariate probit

  • H. Shelton Brown

    (University of Texas School of Public Health, School of Public Health Building (RAHC), Texas, USA)

  • José A. Pagán
  • Elena Bastida

    (Department of Sociology and Center on Aging and Health, University of Texas-Pan American, Texas, USA)

Registered author(s):

    Diabetes has been shown to have a detrimental impact on employment and labor market productivity, which results in lost work days and higher mortality|disability. This study utilizes data from the Border Epidemiologic Study on Aging to analyze the endogeneity of diabetes in an employment model. We use family history of diabetes as genetic instrumental variables. We show that assuming that diabetes is an exogenous variable results in an overestimate (underestimate) of the negative impact of diabetes on female (male) employment. Our results are particularly relevant in the case of populations where genetic predisposition has an important role in the etiology of diabetes. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/hec.942
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    Article provided by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. in its journal Health Economics.

    Volume (Year): 14 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 537-544

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    Handle: RePEc:wly:hlthec:v:14:y:2005:i:5:p:537-544
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/5749

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    1. Jill E. Lavigne & Charles E. Phelps & Alvin Mushlin & Wayne M. Lednar, 2003. "Reductions in Individual Work Productivity Associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus," PharmacoEconomics, Springer Healthcare | Adis, vol. 21(15), pages 1123-1134.
    2. Eva Pagano & Massimo Brunetti & Fabrizio Tediosi & Livio Garattini, 1999. "Costs of Diabetes: A Methodological Analysis of the Literature," PharmacoEconomics, Springer Healthcare | Adis, vol. 15(6), pages 583-595.
    3. Douglas Staiger & James H. Stock, 1994. "Instrumental Variables Regression with Weak Instruments," NBER Technical Working Papers 0151, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Elena Bastida & José A. Pagán, 2002. "The impact of diabetes on adult employment and earnings of Mexican Americans: Findings from a community based study," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(5), pages 403-413.
    5. Kahn, Matthew E, 1998. "Health and Labor Market Performance: The Case of Diabetes," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(4), pages 878-99, October.
    6. William H. Greene, 1998. "Gender Economics Courses in Liberal Arts Colleges: Further Results," The Journal of Economic Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(4), pages 291-300, January.
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