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Public policy and growth in Canada: An applied endogenous growth model with human and knowledge capital accumulation

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  • Voyvoda, Ebru
  • Yeldan, Erinç

Abstract

Evidence suggests that the Canadian economy is over-shadowed with lagging productivity growth and that its innovation strategy lacks a market-oriented focus; and is unbalanced and biased. We study this problem with the aid of a dynamic general equilibrium model driven by analytics of endogenous growth and investigate the viable policy options and assess the interactions between knowledge driven growth, acquisition of human capital, and the role of strategic public policy for the Canadian economy. We study alternative public policies aimed at fostering the development of human capital (investment in education) and those at enhancing investments in innovation. Based on the re-allocation effects triggered by public subsidization policies on higher education versus industry/business R&D, our results corroborate that Canadian economy is falling short of its potential in (business) technological innovation. Our analyses further imply that the most welfare enhancing policy is to have a complementary mix of education and R&D subsidization designed to avoid the trade-offs that emerge in the short run.

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  • Voyvoda, Ebru & Yeldan, Erinç, 2015. "Public policy and growth in Canada: An applied endogenous growth model with human and knowledge capital accumulation," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 298-309.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:50:y:2015:i:c:p:298-309
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2015.06.028
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    3. Attar, M. Aykut, 2021. "Growth, distribution and dynamic inefficiency in Turkey: An analysis of the naïve neoclassical theory of capital," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 20-30.
    4. Bai, Xuejie & Sun, Xianzhen & Chiu, Yung-Ho, 2020. "Does China's higher education investment play a role in industrial growth?," Technology in Society, Elsevier, vol. 63(C).
    5. Sansi Yang & C. Richard Shumway, 2020. "Knowledge accumulation in US agriculture: research and learning by doing," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 54(2), pages 87-105, December.
    6. Gamlath, Sharmila & Lahiri, Radhika, 2018. "Public and private education expenditures, variable elasticity of substitution and economic growth," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 1-14.
    7. Shuang Yu & Xiaojun Zhao, 2021. "How Do Different Households Respond to Public Education Spending?," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(20), pages 1-24, October.

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