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Growth effects of institutions: A disaggregated analysis

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  • Nawaz, Saima

Abstract

This study attempts to examine the impact of various institutions on economic growth using panel data for 56 countries over the period 1981–2010. These impacts have been examined at aggregated level for world representative sample as well as for the sample disaggregated by the development level of the countries. We have estimated static panel using fixed effects model and dynamic panel using system GMM. The empirical analysis confirms a positive relationship between institutions and economic growth. The positive impact of control over corruption, qualitative and effective bureaucracy and desirable law and order situation on economic growth is greater in high income countries as compared to low income countries. The impact of investment profile is more growth enhancing in developing countries in contrast to developed economies. The crux of the analysis is that the institutions are indeed important in determining the long-run economic growth. It is also established that institutions play a greater role in determining growth in developed economies relative to developing economies. The implication of this finding is that different countries require different sets of institutions for ensuring long-term economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Nawaz, Saima, 2015. "Growth effects of institutions: A disaggregated analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 118-126.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:45:y:2015:i:c:p:118-126
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2014.11.017
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    1. Deniz, Pinar & Stengos, Thanasis & Yazgan, M. Ege, 2018. "Identification of common factors in panel data growth model," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 168(C), pages 94-97.
    2. Njangang, Henri & Nembot Ndeffo, Luc & Noubissi Domguia, Edmond & Fosto Koyeu, Prevost, 2018. "The long-run and short-run effects of foreign direct investment, foreign aid and remittances on economic growth in African countries," MPRA Paper 89747, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Saha, Shrabani & Zhang, Zhaoyong, 2017. "Democracy-growth nexus and its interaction effect on human development: A cross-national analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 304-310.
    4. Zergawu, Yitagesu Zewdu & Walle, Yabibal M. & Giménez Gómez, José M. (José Manuel), 2018. "The Joint Impact of Infrastructure and Institutions on Economic Growth," Working Papers 2072/332584, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    5. Pritchett, Lant & Sen, Kunal & Kar, Sabyasachi & Raihan, Selim, 2016. "Trillions gained and lost: Estimating the magnitude of growth episodes," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 279-291.
    6. Ines TROJETTE, 2016. "The Effect Of Foreign Direct Investment On Economic Growth: The Institutional Threshold," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 43, pages 111-138.
    7. Effiong, Ekpeno, 2015. "Financial Development, Institutions and Economic Growth: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa," MPRA Paper 66085, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Adams, Samuel & Klobodu, Edem Kwame Mensah & Opoku, Eric Evans Osei, 2016. "Energy consumption, political regime and economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 36-44.
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    11. Slesman, Ly & Baharumshah, Ahmad Zubaidi & Ra'ees, Wahabuddin, 2015. "Institutional infrastructure and economic growth in member countries of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 214-226.
    12. Steve Loris Gui-Diby & Saskia Mösle, 2017. "Governance and development outcomes: re-assessing the two-way causality," MPDD Working Paper Series WP/17/06, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
    13. Hafiz Muhammad Abubakar Siddique & Ahmad Nawaz & Muhammad Tariq Majeed, 2016. "The Impact of Institutional Governance on Economic Growth: A Panel Data Analysis," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 5(4), pages 210-219, December.
    14. Ioana-Sorina Mihuţ & Larisa-Nicoleta Pop, 2016. "Evaluating the economic governance in terms of convergence: the case of the European Union," International Journal of Economics and Accounting, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 7(2), pages 156-173.
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