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Quantitative easing and the loan to collateral value ratio

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  • Damjanovic, Tatiana
  • Girdėnas, Šarūnas

Abstract

We study optimal monetary policy in a New Keynesian model at the zero bound interest rate where households use cash alongside house equity borrowing to conduct transactions. The amount of borrowing is limited by a collateral constraint. When either the loan to value ratio declines or house prices fall, we observe a decrease in the money multiplier. We argue that the central bank should respond to the fall in the money multiplier and therefore to the reduction in house prices or the loan to collateral value ratio. We also find that optimal monetary policy generates a large and persistent fall in the money multiplier in response to the drop in the loan to collateral value ratio.

Suggested Citation

  • Damjanovic, Tatiana & Girdėnas, Šarūnas, 2014. "Quantitative easing and the loan to collateral value ratio," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 146-164.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:45:y:2014:i:c:p:146-164
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jedc.2014.05.013
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Optimal monetary policy; Zero lower bound; Quantitative easing; Money multiplier; Loan to value ratio; House prices;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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