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Export promotion, learning by doing and growth

Author

Listed:
  • Ambler, Steve
  • Cardia, Emanuela
  • Farazli, Jeannine

Abstract

This paper explores the quantitative link between export-promoting commercial policies and economic growth. We build and calibrate a dynamic general equilibrium model of a small developing economy. The economy's equilibrium is suboptimal due to monopolistic competition in the manufacturing sector and a human capital accumulation externality. Second-best commercial policy that promotes exports in the sector with the externality can lead to an increase in both welfare and growth rates. We show that export-promoting policies can lead to substantial quantitative increases in steady-state growth for a wide range of parameter values. Nous examinons dans ce texte le lien quantitatif entre les politiques commerciales qui encouragent les exportations d'une part et, d'autre part, la croissance économique. Nous développons et étalonnons un modèle dynamique d'équilibre général d'un petite économie en voie de développement. L'équilibre de l'économie est sous-optimal à cause de la concurrence monopolistique dans le secteur manufacturier et à cause d'une externalité au niveau de l'accumulation du capital humain. Des politiques commerciales de second rang qui encouragent les exportations dans le secteur où il y a l'externalité peuvent simultanément améliorer le bien-être et faire augmenter le taux de croissance. Nous montrons que de telles politiques peuvent avoir des effets importants sur la croissance pour une gamme de valeurs de paramètres assez large.
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Suggested Citation

  • Ambler, Steve & Cardia, Emanuela & Farazli, Jeannine, 1999. "Export promotion, learning by doing and growth," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 23(5-6), pages 747-772, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:23:y:1999:i:5-6:p:747-772
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-1037, October.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Joshua Aizenman & Jaewoo Lee, 2008. "The Real Exchange Rate, Mercantilism and the Learning by Doing Externality," NBER Working Papers 13853, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Dissou, Yazid & Mac Leod, Carolyn & Souissi, Mokhtar, 2002. "Compliance costs to the Kyoto Protocol and market structure in Canada: a dynamic general equilibrium analysis," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 24(7-8), pages 751-779, November.
    3. Joshua Aizenman & Jaewoo Lee, 2010. "Real Exchange Rate, Mercantilism And The Learning By Doing Externality," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(3), pages 324-335, August.
    4. repec:kap:iecepo:v:14:y:2017:i:4:d:10.1007_s10368-016-0355-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Kazuhiko Yokota & Akinori Tomohara, 2009. "Extending the Learning-By-Exporting Hypothesis: Introducing a Credit Constraint," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 15(2), pages 169-177, May.
    6. Sabine Mage-Bertomeu, 2006. "Les modèles d'équilibre général appliqués à la politique commerciale : développements récents," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 116(3), pages 357-381.
    7. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1696 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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