Finite-sample distribution-free inference in linear median regressions under heteroscedasticity and non-linear dependence of unknown form
We construct finite-sample distribution-free tests and confidence sets for the parameters of a linear median regression, where no parametric assumption is imposed on the noise distribution. The set-up studied allows for non-normality, heteroscedasticity, non-linear serial dependence of unknown forms as well as for discrete distributions. We consider a mediangale structure--the median-based analogue of a martingale difference--and show that the signs of mediangale sequences follow a nuisance-parameter-free distribution despite the presence of non-linear dependence and heterogeneity of unknown form. We point out that a simultaneous inference approach in conjunction with sign transformations yield statistics with the required pivotality features--in addition to usual robustness properties. Monte Carlo tests and projection techniques are then exploited to produce finite-sample tests and confidence sets. Further, under weaker assumptions, which allow for weakly exogenous regressors and a wide class of linear dependence schemes in the errors, we show that the procedures proposed remain asymptotically valid. The regularity assumptions used are notably less restrictive than those required by procedures based on least absolute deviations (LAD). Simulation results illustrate the performance of the procedures. Finally, the proposed methods are applied to tests of the drift in the Standard and Poor's composite price index series (allowing for conditional heteroscedasticity of unknown form). Copyright (C) The Author(s). Journal compilation (C) Royal Economic Society 2009
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Volume (Year): 12 (2009)
Issue (Month): s1 (January)
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