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Anemia and Child Education: The Case of Colombia


  • Alejandro Gaviria
  • Alejandro Hoyos


Welfare programs in Colombia have focused on both reducing malnutrition and hunger and increasing school attendance. But there is not much evidence on the hypothesized relationship between nutrition status and schooling outcomes. Using the National Survey of Nutritional Status in Colombia - 2005 (ensin) and the Demographic and Health Survey - 2005 (dhs), this paper estimates the impact of nutrition on schooling outcomes. The results suggest that anemic children have a higher probability of being overage in school. Malnutrition, defined by anthropometric measures, does not have an impact on the probability of being overage. School attendance seems to be unrelated to nutrition measures. The results are consistent under different specifications.

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandro Gaviria & Alejandro Hoyos, 2011. "Anemia and Child Education: The Case of Colombia," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes,Facultad de Economía, CEDE, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000090:009171

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Alok Bhargava & Dean T. Jamison & Lawrence J. Lau & Christopher J. L. Murray, 2006. "Modeling the effects of health on economic growth," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Econometrics, Statistics And Computational Approaches In Food And Health Sciences, chapter 20, pages 269-286, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Eric A. Hanushek & Ludger Woessmann, 2007. "The Role of School Improvement in Economic Development," NBER Working Papers 12832, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Behrman, Jere R. & Skoufias, Emmanuel, 2004. "Correlates and determinants of child anthropometrics in Latin America: background and overview of the symposium," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 335-351, December.
    4. Gustavo J. Bobonis & Edward Miguel & Charu Puri-Sharma, 2006. "Anemia and School Participation," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 41(4).
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    Cited by:

    1. Alcazar, Lorena, 2013. "The economic impact of anaemia in Peru," Libros, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE), edition 1, number 2013-1-en.
    2. Jaime Bonet-Morón & Lucas Wilfried Hahn-De-Castro, 2017. "La mortalidad y desnutrición infantil en La Guajira," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 15541, Banco de la República, Economía Regional.
    3. Karina Acosta-Ordonez, 2015. "Nutrición y desarrollo en el Pacífico colombiano," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 13315, Banco de la República, Economía Regional.
    4. Ray, Rita, 2020. "Mother’s autonomy and child anemia: A case study from India," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 112(C).
    5. Alejandro Mosiño & Karen P. Villagómez-Estrada & Alberto Prieto-Patrón, 2020. "Association between School Performance and Anemia in Adolescents in Mexico," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 17(5), pages 1-17, February.

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    More about this item


    School attendance; overage; nutrition; micronutrients.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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