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The economic impact of anaemia in Peru



Peru is the South American country that suffers anaemia the most (matching only Guyana) according to the WHO. It affects more than 50% of preschool children, 42% of pregnant women and 40% of non-pregnant women of reproductive age. These prevalence levels put Peru in a similar situation to most African countries. In spite of the important role of anaemia in Peruvian society, the magnitude of the problem has not been acknowledged in its consequences and costs for the country. Furthermore, the Peruvian state has not developed a systematic policy for fighting anaemia. The aim of this study is to identify and estimate the economic costs for the Peruvian state and economy caused by the current prevalence of iron-deficiency anaemia among adults; to estimate the future economic costs for the Peruvian economy of the current prevalence of anaemia among children and to estimate the costs incurred by the state from the anaemia-related care provided, as well as that related to consequent health problems. Furthermore, the study also undertakes an estimation of the costs that the Peruvian state would incurred in order to prevent anaemia among children and pregnant women. The aim of this is to show the importance and implications of the problem and the possible savings and benefits of a stronger, more systematic and more effective policy for fighting anaemia.

Suggested Citation

  • Alcazar, Lorena, 2013. "The economic impact of anaemia in Peru," Libros, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE), edition 1, number 2013-1-en.
  • Handle: RePEc:gad:libros:2013-1-en

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Javier Escobal & Carmen Ponce & Gerardo Damonte & Manuel Glave, 2012. "Desarrollo rural y recursos naturales," Libros, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE), edition 1, number 2012-2.
    2. Alejandro Gaviria & Alejandro Hoyos, 2011. "Anemia and Child Education: The Case of Colombia," REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE, December.
    3. Gustavo J. Bobonis & Edward Miguel & Charu Puri-Sharma, 2006. "Anemia and School Participation," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 41(4).
    4. Alderman, Harold, et al, 1996. "The Returns to Endogenous Human Capital in Pakistan's Rural Wage Labour Market," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 58(1), pages 29-55, February.
    5. Javier Escobal & Jaime Saavedra & Renos Vakis, 2012. "¿Está el piso parejo para los niños en el Perú?: medición y comprensión de la evolución de las oportunidades," Libros, Grupo de Análisis para el Desarrollo (GRADE), edition 1, number 2012-1.
    6. Glewwe, Paul, 1996. "The relevance of standard estimates of rates of return to schooling for education policy: A critical assessment," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 267-290, December.
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    More about this item


    Anaemia; Costs; Economic analysis; Public health; Peru; Anemia; Costos; Análisis económico; Salud pública; Perú;

    JEL classification:

    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health


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