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Does Inward Foreign Direct Investment Increase Imports To Turkey? An Instrumental Variables Approach

Author

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  • Bulent Esiyok

    (Baskent University, Ankara)

Abstract

Whether foreign direct investment (FDI) complements or substitutes trade is a significant policy issue. This is particularly the case with respect to the relationship between FDI inflows and host country imports, especially imports of intermediate goods and the adverse effects of the latter on the current account. A surge in FDI inflows and imports over the last three decades makes Turkey an interesting case for investigating the link between FDI inflows and imports. Applying an instrumental variables approach to panel data for 19 OECD countries with FDI stocks in Turkey from 1982 to 2007, I find that an increase of FDI by ten percentage points leads to an increase of imports by around 3.6 to 8.9% percentage points, on average. These findings suggest that imports ensuing FDI inflows can lessen the positive effect of the latter on the current account balance.

Suggested Citation

  • Bulent Esiyok, 2015. "Does Inward Foreign Direct Investment Increase Imports To Turkey? An Instrumental Variables Approach," Journal Articles, Center For Economic Analyses, pages 23-35, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:cmk:journl:y:2015:p:23-35
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    International trade; foreign direct investment; Turkey;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C36 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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