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In search of substitution between foreign production and exports

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  • Blonigen, Bruce A.

Abstract

Are foreign production and exports substitutes or complements? Standard theory of the multinational corporation (MNC) assumes substitution, while previous empirical work examining the relationship has generally found strong evidence of complementarity. This study examines product-level data, which more closely fits the assumption of a single-product firm often used in MNC theory, and finds substantial evidence for both a substitution and a complementarity effect between affiliate production and exports with Japanese automobile parts for the US market. I also test for and find evidence of substitution using product-level data on a set of Japanese-produced final consumer goods.
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  • Blonigen, Bruce A., 2001. "In search of substitution between foreign production and exports," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 81-104, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:inecon:v:53:y:2001:i:1:p:81-104
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    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F6 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization

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