IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/ces/ifosdt/v70y2017i07p19-30.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Einkommenserträge von Bildungsabschlüssen im Lebensverlauf: Aktuelle Berechnungen für Deutschland

Author

Listed:
  • Marc Piopiunik
  • Franziska Kugler
  • Ludger Wößmann

Abstract

Was bringt ein höherer Bildungsabschluss unter dem Strich? Wer eine Lehre macht, nimmt während der Ausbildungszeit als Lehrling Einkommenseinbußen im Vergleich zu einer ungelernten Tätigkeit in Kauf, hofft dann in der Folge aber auf höhere Arbeitseinkommen. Noch viel mehr gilt dies für jemanden, der ein Studium aufnimmt: Statt in Vollzeit zu arbeiten, verzichtet er im Vergleich zur Lehre für mehrere Jahre auf Erwerbseinkommen – in der Hoffnung, später ein höheres Einkommen erzielen zu können. Aber reichen die späteren Einkommenszuwächse aus, um die ursprünglichen Einkommenseinbußen zu kompensieren? Wie sieht das auf dem zweiten Bildungsweg aus? Und lohnt sich das mehr als ein Meisterabschluss? Diesen Fragen ist das ifo Zentrum für Bildungsökonomik in einem Projekt im Auftrag von Union Investment nachgegangen. Die wichtigsten Ergebnisse sind hier zusammengefasst. Es zeigt sich, dass sich die Investition in einen höheren Bildungsabschluss wirtschaftlich lohnt. Ein höherer Abschluss geht mit höheren Monatseinkommen einher, mit einem geringeren Risiko, arbeitslos zu werden, sowie insgesamt mit sechsstelligen Zuwächsen beim Lebenseinkommen. Über das gesamte Arbeitsleben betrachtet liegt das Einkommen von Personen mit einer Lehrausbildung um 143 000 Euro über dem Lebenseinkommen von Personen ohne beruflichen Ausbildungsabschluss. Bei Personen mit Meister-/Technikerabschluss wiederum fällt das Lebenseinkommen 129 000 Euro höher aus als bei Personen, deren höchster Abschluss eine Lehre ist; bei Fachhochschulabsolventen sind es 267 000 Euro, bei Universitätsabsolventen 387 000 Euro. Dabei zeigen sich aber auch große Unterschiede nach Region, Geschlecht und insbesondere Fachrichtung.

Suggested Citation

  • Marc Piopiunik & Franziska Kugler & Ludger Wößmann, 2017. "Einkommenserträge von Bildungsabschlüssen im Lebensverlauf: Aktuelle Berechnungen für Deutschland," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 70(07), pages 19-30, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:70:y:2017:i:07:p:19-30
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.ifo.de/DocDL/sd-2017-07-woessmann-etal-bildungsrenditen-2017-04-13.pdf
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Hanushek, Eric A. & Woessmann, Ludger, 2015. "The Knowledge Capital of Nations: Education and the Economics of Growth," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262029170, February.
    2. Altonji, J.G. & Arcidiacono, P. & Maurel, A., 2016. "The Analysis of Field Choice in College and Graduate School," Handbook of the Economics of Education,, Elsevier.
    3. Card, David, 1999. "The causal effect of education on earnings," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 30, pages 1801-1863, Elsevier.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Sven Resnjanskij & Jens Ruhose & Simon Wiederhold & Ludger Woessmann, 2021. "Can Mentoring Alleviate Family Disadvantage in Adolscence? A Field Experiment to Improve Labor-Market Prospects," CESifo Working Paper Series 8870, CESifo.
    2. Lukas Kiessling & Pia Pinger & Philipp Seegers & Jan Bergerhoff, 2019. "Gender Differences in Wage Expectations: Sorting, Children, and Negotiation Styles," CESifo Working Paper Series 7827, CESifo.
    3. Ludger Wößmann, 2020. "Folgekosten ausbleibenden Lernens: Was wir über die Corona-bedingten Schulschließungen aus der Forschung lernen können," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 73(06), pages 38-44, June.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Ludger Wößmann, 2020. "Folgekosten ausbleibenden Lernens: Was wir über die Corona-bedingten Schulschließungen aus der Forschung lernen können," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 73(06), pages 38-44, June.
    2. Martínez-Correa, Jimmy & Andersen, Steffen & d’Astous, Philippe & H. Shore, Stephen, 2020. "Cross-Program Differences in Returns to Education and the Gender Earnings Gap," Working papers 48, Red Investigadores de Economía.
    3. Bleemer, Zachary, 2018. "The Effect of Selective Public Research University Enrollment: Evidence from California," Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, Working Paper Series qt1cs1x5k2, Institute of Industrial Relations, UC Berkeley.
    4. Bleemer , Zachary, 2018. "The Effect Of Selective Public Research University Enrollment: Evidence From California," University of California at Berkeley, Center for Studies in Higher Education qt2b22k86h, Center for Studies in Higher Education, UC Berkeley.
    5. María Arrazola & José de Hevia, 2003. "Evaluación económica de políticas educativas: Una ilustración con la Ley General de la Educación de 1970," Hacienda Pública Española / Review of Public Economics, IEF, vol. 164(1), pages 111-127, march.
    6. Hans J. Baumgartner & Viktor Steiner, 2004. "Enrolment into Higher Education and Changes in Repayment Obligations of Student Aid – Microeconometric Evidence for Germany," HEW 0410003, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Lergetporer, Philipp & Schwerdt, Guido & Werner, Katharina & West, Martin R. & Woessmann, Ludger, 2018. "How information affects support for education spending: Evidence from survey experiments in Germany and the United States," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 138-157.
    8. Domenico Depalo, 2020. "Explaining the causal effect of adherence to medication on cholesterol through the marginal patient," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 29(S1), pages 110-126, October.
    9. Kemptner, Daniel & Tolan, Songül, 2018. "The role of time preferences in educational decision making," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 25-39.
    10. Michelle Sheran Sylvester, 2007. "The Career and Family Choices of Women: A Dynamic Analysis of Labor Force Participation, Schooling, Marriage and Fertility Decisions," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 10(3), pages 367-399, July.
    11. Ismaël Mourifié & Marc Henry & Romuald Méango, 2020. "Sharp Bounds and Testability of a Roy Model of STEM Major Choices," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 128(8), pages 3220-3283.
    12. Grossmann, Volker, 2008. "Risky human capital investment, income distribution, and macroeconomic dynamics," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 19-42, March.
    13. Stinebrickner Ralph & Stinebrickner Todd R., 2008. "The Causal Effect of Studying on Academic Performance," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 8(1), pages 1-55, June.
    14. Mattéo Godin & Jean Hindriks, 2018. "An international comparison of school systems based on social mobility," Economie et Statistique / Economics and Statistics, Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (INSEE), issue 499, pages 61-78.
    15. Campos, Nauro F. & Jolliffe, Dean, 2003. "After, before and during: returns to education in Hungary (1986-1998)," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 377-390, December.
    16. Belzil, Christian & Hansen, Jorgen, 2007. "A structural analysis of the correlated random coefficient wage regression model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 140(2), pages 827-848, October.
    17. Bas Jacobs, 2007. "Optimal Redistributive Tax and Education Policies in General Equilibrium," CESifo Working Paper Series 2162, CESifo.
    18. David Campbell, 2001. "Rates of Return to Schooling and the Quality of Education in England and Wales," Studies in Economics 0115, School of Economics, University of Kent.
    19. Chen, Yuanyuan & Feng, Shuaizhang & Han, Yujie, 2020. "The effect of primary school type on the high school opportunities of migrant children in China," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 325-338.
    20. Ludger Woessmann, 2018. "Central exit exams improve student outcomes," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 419-419, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bildungsabschluss; Bildungsinvestition; Bildungsökonomik; Lebenseinkommen; Deutschland;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:70:y:2017:i:07:p:19-30. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/ifooode.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Klaus Wohlrabe (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/ifooode.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.