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Zuwanderer der zweiten Generation: Im deutschen Schulsystem doppelt benachteiligt?


  • Elke Lüdemann
  • Guido Schwerdt


In Deutschland ist die öffentliche Debatte über Zuwanderung und Integration nicht erst seit der Veröffentlichung von Thilo Sarrazins Buch in vollem Gange. Fast ein Fünftel der Bevölkerung hierzulande hat einen Migrationshintergrund, bei den unter 20-Jährigen sind es sogar knapp 30%. Einen großen Anteil machen die Zuwanderer der zweiten Generation aus. Insbesondere im Hinblick auf deren Bildungs- und Arbeitsmarkterfolg sind erhebliche Integrationsdefizite erkennbar. Zum einen erzielen Zuwanderer der zweiten Generation geringere Bildungsabschlüsse als Personen ohne Migrationshintergrund. Zum anderen verdienen sie im Durchschnitt weniger und sind häufiger von Arbeitslosigkeit betroffen. Unsere neue Forschungsarbeit (Lüdemann und Schwerdt 2010) untersucht, inwiefern der mangelnde Bildungs- und Arbeitsmarkterfolg von Zuwanderern der zweiten Generation mit der frühen Mehrgliedrigkeit im deutschen Schulsystem in Verbindung gebracht werden kann.

Suggested Citation

  • Elke Lüdemann & Guido Schwerdt, 2011. "Zuwanderer der zweiten Generation: Im deutschen Schulsystem doppelt benachteiligt?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(04), pages 19-25, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:64:y:2011:i:04:p:19-25

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Eric A. Hanushek & Ludger Wössmann, 2006. "Does Educational Tracking Affect Performance and Inequality? Differences- in-Differences Evidence Across Countries," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 116(510), pages 63-76, March.
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    4. Elke Lüdemann & Guido Schwerdt, 2010. "Migration Background and Educational Tracking: Is there a Double Disadvantage for Second-Generation Immigrants?," CESifo Working Paper Series 3256, CESifo Group Munich.
    5. Sari Pekkala Kerr & Tuomas Pekkarinen & Roope Uusitalo, 2013. "School Tracking and Development of Cognitive Skills," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(3), pages 577-602.
    6. Pekkarinen, Tuomas & Uusitalo, Roope & Kerr, Sari, 2009. "School tracking and intergenerational income mobility: Evidence from the Finnish comprehensive school reform," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(7-8), pages 965-973, August.
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    Schule Bildungsabschluss Bildungsökonomik Migrationstheorie Migrationspolitik Deutschland;

    JEL classification:

    • I00 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - General - - - General
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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