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The Feeling of Discrimination and Job-Market Entry in France

Author

Listed:
  • Olivier Joseph
  • Séverine Lemière
  • Laurence Lize
  • Patrick Rousset

Abstract

ABSTRACT:This research focuses on individuals who consider they have been victims of discrimination inFrance. The aim is to look at the feeling of discrimination young people may feel due to their“foreign origin” and to assess its links on career paths, seven years after leaving school in 1998.We used the method for clustering self-organising maps, supplemented by an econometricanalysis to distinguish eight major classes of career pathways. The aim is to see how the fact ofdeclaring having suffered discrimination may influence the professional situation of these youngadults. By looking at both the time it takes to get a stable job and the quality of entry into thelabour market, we were able to identify certain trends which differentiate the experiences ofyoung persons of foreign origin suffering discrimination from those of other youths: the formerneed more time to get a steady job, while the quality of their work is lower and they may alsosuffer from both these disadvantages. Qualitative interviews were conducted with young peopledeclaring discrimination in order to complement our statistical results. All the results show thatthe link between discrimination and career path is not so strong as one might think.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier Joseph & Séverine Lemière & Laurence Lize & Patrick Rousset, 2013. "The Feeling of Discrimination and Job-Market Entry in France," Brussels Economic Review, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, vol. 56(1), pages 5-42.
  • Handle: RePEc:bxr:bxrceb:2013/159690
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Dominique Meurs & Ariane Pailhé, 2010. "Position sur le marché du travail des descendants directs d’immigrés en France : les femmes doublement désavantagées ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 431(1), pages 129-151.
    2. Bernard Gazier & Héloïse Petit, 2007. "French Labour Market Segmentation and French Labour Market Policies since the Seventies: Connecting Changes," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00186361, HAL.
    3. Holzer, Harry J, 1987. "Informal Job Search and Black Youth Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(3), pages 446-452, June.
    4. Holzer, Harry J, 1988. "Search Method Use by Unemployed Youth," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 6(1), pages 1-20, January.
    5. Romain Aeberhardt & Denis Fougère & Julien Pouget & Roland Rathelot, 2010. "Wages and employment of French workers with African origin," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 23(3), pages 881-905, June.
    6. Barron, John M & Bishop, John, 1985. "Extensive Search, Intensive Search, and Hiring Costs: New Evidence on Employer Hiring Activity," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 23(3), pages 363-382, July.
    7. Lundberg, Shelly J & Startz, Richard, 1983. "Private Discrimination and Social Intervention in Competitive Labor Markets," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(3), pages 340-347, June.
    8. Rachid Boumahdi & Jean-François Giret, 2005. "Une analyse économétrique des disparités d'accès à l'emploi et de rémunérations entre jeunes d'origine française et jeunes issus de l'immigration," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 56(3), pages 625-636.
    9. Brendan Halpin, 2010. "Optimal Matching Analysis and Life-Course Data: The Importance of Duration," Sociological Methods & Research, , vol. 38(3), pages 365-388, February.
    10. Coate, Stephen & Loury, Glenn C, 1993. "Will Affirmative-Action Policies Eliminate Negative Stereotypes?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(5), pages 1220-1240, December.
    11. William A. Darity & Patrick L. Mason, 1998. "Evidence on Discrimination in Employment: Codes of Color, Codes of Gender," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 63-90, Spring.
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    Cited by:

    1. Laurence Lizé & Géraldine Rieucau, 2016. "Travailler dans une même entreprise pendant et après ses études," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01730581, HAL.
    2. Laurence Lizé & Géraldine Rieucau, 2017. "Travailler pendant ses études et s'insérer dans la vie active : premières tendances et résultats, Générations 1998, 2004 et 2010," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01730591, HAL.
    3. Laurence Lizé & Géraldine Rieucau, 2017. "Travailler pendant ses études et s'insérer dans la vie active : premières tendances et résultats, Générations 1998, 2004 et 2010," Post-Print hal-01730591, HAL.
    4. Laurence Lizé & Géraldine Rieucau, 2016. "Travailler dans une même entreprise pendant et après ses études," Post-Print hal-01730581, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Discrimination / Discrimination; Segmentation / Segmentation; Insertion professionnelle des jeunes / Youth job-market entry; France / France;

    JEL classification:

    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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