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The Feeling of Discrimination and Job-Market Entry in France

Author

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  • Olivier Joseph

    () (CEREQ - Centre d'études et de recherches sur les qualifications - ministère de l'Emploi, cohésion sociale et logement - M.E.N.E.S.R. - Ministère de l'Education nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche)

  • Séverine Lemière

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Laurence Lizé

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Patrick Rousset

    () (CEREQ - Centre d'études et de recherches sur les qualifications - ministère de l'Emploi, cohésion sociale et logement - M.E.N.E.S.R. - Ministère de l'Education nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche)

Abstract

This research focuses on individuals who consider they have been victims of discrimination in France. The aim is to look at the feeling of discrimination young people may feel due to their "foreign origin" and to assess its links on career paths, seven years after leaving school in 1998. We used the method for clustering self-organising maps, supplemented by an econometric analysis to distinguish eight major classes of career pathways. The aim is to see how the fact of declaring having suffered discrimination may influence the professional situation of these young adults. By looking at both the time it takes to get a stable job and the quality of entry into the labour market, we were able to identify certain trends which differentiate the experiences of young persons of foreign origin suffering discrimination from those of other youths: the former need more time to get a steady job, while the quality of their work is lower and they may also suffer from both these disadvantages. Qualitative interviews were conducted with young people declaring discrimination in order to complement our statistical results. All the results show that the link between discrimination and career path is not so strong as one might think.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivier Joseph & Séverine Lemière & Laurence Lizé & Patrick Rousset, 2013. "The Feeling of Discrimination and Job-Market Entry in France," Post-Print hal-00943434, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-00943434
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00943434
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Dominique Meurs & Ariane Pailhé, 2010. "Position sur le marché du travail des descendants directs d’immigrés en France : les femmes doublement désavantagées ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 431(1), pages 129-151.
    2. Holzer, Harry J, 1987. "Informal Job Search and Black Youth Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(3), pages 446-452, June.
    3. Holzer, Harry J, 1988. "Search Method Use by Unemployed Youth," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 6(1), pages 1-20, January.
    4. Romain Aeberhardt & Denis Fougère & Julien Pouget & Roland Rathelot, 2010. "Wages and employment of French workers with African origin," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 23(3), pages 881-905, June.
    5. Barron, John M & Bishop, John, 1985. "Extensive Search, Intensive Search, and Hiring Costs: New Evidence on Employer Hiring Activity," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 23(3), pages 363-382, July.
    6. Randall S. Brown & Marilyn Moon & Barbara S. Zoloth, 1980. "Incorporating Occupational Attainment in Studies of Male-Female Earnings Differentials," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 15(1), pages 3-28.
    7. Lundberg, Shelly J & Startz, Richard, 1983. "Private Discrimination and Social Intervention in Competitive Labor Markets," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(3), pages 340-347, June.
    8. Phelps, Edmund S, 1972. "The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 659-661, September.
    9. Rachid Boumahdi & Jean-François Giret, 2005. "Une analyse économétrique des disparités d'accès à l'emploi et de rémunérations entre jeunes d'origine française et jeunes issus de l'immigration," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 56(3), pages 625-636.
    10. Coate, Stephen & Loury, Glenn C, 1993. "Will Affirmative-Action Policies Eliminate Negative Stereotypes?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(5), pages 1220-1240, December.
    11. William A. Darity & Patrick L. Mason, 1998. "Evidence on Discrimination in Employment: Codes of Color, Codes of Gender," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 63-90, Spring.
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    Cited by:

    1. Laurence Lizé & Géraldine Rieucau, 2016. "Travailler dans une même entreprise pendant et après ses études," Post-Print hal-01730581, HAL.
    2. Laurence Lizé & Géraldine Rieucau, 2017. "Travailler pendant ses études et s'insérer dans la vie active : premières tendances et résultats, Générations 1998, 2004 et 2010," Post-Print hal-01730591, HAL.

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