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High-Tech Human Capital: Do the Richest Countries Invest the Most?

  • Neves Sequeira Tiago

    ()

    (Departamento de Gestão e Economia - Universidade da Beira Interior, Faculdade de Economia - Universidade Nova de Lisboa)

In this paper we show that the richest countries are investing proportionally less than middle income countries in engineering and technical human capital. We generalize this result, controlling for country-specific effects, cross-time error correlations, heteroskedasticity, the presence of outliers and the introduction of other explanatory variables. Thus, we establish an unexpected stylized fact (about human capital composition): the proportion of high-tech human capital in tertiary education presents an inverted U-shaped relationship with GDP per capita. This is interesting because Research and Development (R&D) endogenous growth models predict and most evidence show that investment in R&D increases with economic development.

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Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics.

Volume (Year): 3 (2003)
Issue (Month): 1 (September)
Pages: 1-28

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Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejmac:v:topics.3:y:2003:i:1:n:13
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  1. Tavares, Jose & Wacziarg, Romain, 2001. "How democracy affects growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(8), pages 1341-1378, August.
  2. Kevin M. Murphy & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1990. "The Allocation of Talent: Implications for Growth," NBER Working Papers 3530, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Funke, Michael & Strulik, Holger, 2000. "On endogenous growth with physical capital, human capital and product variety," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(3), pages 491-515, March.
  4. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages S71-102, October.
  5. Robert J. Barro, 2001. "Human Capital and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(2), pages 12-17, May.
  6. Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1998. "The Quality of Government," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1847, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  7. Robert J. Barro & Jong-Wha Lee, 2000. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," CID Working Papers 42, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
  8. Acemoglu, Daron, 2001. "Good Jobs versus Bad Jobs," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(1), pages 1-21, January.
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