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The Impact of Monetary Union on Macroeconomic Integration: Evidence from West Africa


  • David Fielding
  • Kalvinder Shields


Data from 19 African nations is used to investigate the hypothesis that monetary union-represented in this case by the CFA Franc Zone-augments the extent of macroeconomic integration. The paper covers two key dimensions of integration: the volume of bilateral trade, and the magnitude of cross-country business cycle correlation. Restricting our attention to a part of the world in which (for historical reasons) monetary union membership is exogenous to economic characteristics, we can test whether the large single-currency effects claimed by A. Rose apply within a sample of less developed countries. Copyright (c) The London School of Economics and Political Science 2005.

Suggested Citation

  • David Fielding & Kalvinder Shields, 2005. "The Impact of Monetary Union on Macroeconomic Integration: Evidence from West Africa," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 72(288), pages 683-704, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:econom:v:72:y:2005:i:288:p:683-704

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Artis, Michael J & Zhang, W, 1997. "International Business Cycles and the ERM: Is There a European Business Cycle?," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 2(1), pages 1-16, January.
    2. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2003. "Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(1), pages 170-192, March.
    3. Shantayanan Devarajan & Dani Rodrik, 1991. "Do the Benefits of Fixed Exchange Rates Outweigh Their Costs? The Franc Zone in Africa," NBER Working Papers 3727, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Laurence Boone, 1997. "Symmetry and Asymmetry of Supply and Demand Shocks in the European Union," Working Papers 1997-03, CEPII research center.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mohamed Siry Bah, 2014. "Is there a stochastic convergence process in the West African economic and monetary union in presence of multiple structural breaks from 1960 to 2010?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 34(3), pages 1917-1928.
    2. Omotor, Douglason G. & Niringiye, Aggrey, 2011. "Optimum Currency Area and Shock Asymmetry: A Dynamic Analysis of the West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ)," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(3), pages 71-82, September.
    3. BIKAI, J. Landry & KENKOUO, Guy Albert, 2015. "Analysis and evaluation of the Monetary Policy Transmission Channels in the CEMAC: A SVAR and SPVAR Approaches," MPRA Paper 78227, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:6:y:2007:i:25:p:1-15 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Zhao, Xiaodan & Kim, Yoonbai, 2009. "Is the CFA Franc Zone an Optimum Currency Area?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 1877-1886, December.

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