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Monetary Union, Trade Integration, and Business Cycles in 19th Century Europe

  • Marc Flandreau
  • Mathilde Maurel

This paper studies the impact of monetary arrangements on trade integration and business cycle correlation in late 19th century Europe. We estimate a gravity model and show that tighter monetary integration was associated with substantially higher trade, as in recent studies using contemporary data. For instance, the Austro-Hungarian monetary union improved trade between member states by a factor of 3. To explain this, we build and estimate a simple model where greater monetary integration weakens the current account constraint by fostering business cycle co-movements. Copyright Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

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Article provided by Springer in its journal Open Economies Review.

Volume (Year): 16 (2005)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 135-152

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Handle: RePEc:kap:openec:v:16:y:2005:i:2:p:135-152
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