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Impact Of Corruption On Firm-Level Export Decisions

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  • William W. Olney

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of corruption on the self-selection of firms into domestic and export markets. A heterogeneous firm model predicts that corruption decreases the probability that a firm only sells domestically, increases the probability that a firm exports indirectly through an intermediary, and decreases the probability that a firm exports directly. The propositions of the model are tested using a comprehensive data set of over 23,000 firms in 80 developing countries. The results confirm both the self-selection of firms according to their productivity and the anticipated impact of corruption. This indicates that in developing countries where corruption is especially severe, intermediaries provide a crucial link to global markets.
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Suggested Citation

  • William W. Olney, 2016. "Impact Of Corruption On Firm-Level Export Decisions," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 54(2), pages 1105-1127, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:ecinqu:v:54:y:2016:i:2:p:1105-1127
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/ecin.12257
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    Cited by:

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    2. Kapri, Kul, 2019. "Impact of political instability on firm-level export decisions," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 98-105.
    3. Reshad N. Ahsan, 2017. "Does Corruption Attenuate The Effect Of Red Tape On Exports?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 55(3), pages 1192-1212, July.
    4. Chan, Jackie M.L., 2019. "Financial frictions and trade intermediation: Theory and evidence," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 567-593.
    5. Ackah, Charles Godfred & Görg, Holger & Hanley, Aoife & Hornok, Cecília, 2020. "Why are Africa's female entrepreneurs not playing the export game? Evidence from Ghana," Kiel Working Papers 2168, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    6. Jackie M.L. Chan, 2015. "Trade Intermediation, Financial Frictions, and the Gains from Trade," Discussion Papers 15-009, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
    7. Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov & Engberg, Erik & Halvarsson, Daniel & Kokko, Ari & Tingvall, Patrik, 2019. "Wholesale firms: A catalyst for Swedish exports?," Ratio Working Papers 328, The Ratio Institute.
    8. Issar Akash & Lim Jamus Jerome & Mohapatra, Sanket, 2017. "Institutional Quality and International Differences in Firm Productivity," IIMA Working Papers WP 2017-02-01, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
    9. Manolopoulos, Dimitris & Chatzopoulou, Erifili & Kottaridi, Constantina, 2018. "Resources, home institutional context and SMEs’ exporting: Direct relationships and contingency effects," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 993-1006.
    10. Krammer, Sorin M.S. & Strange, Roger & Lashitew, Addisu, 2018. "The export performance of emerging economy firms: The influence of firm capabilities and institutional environments," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 218-230.
    11. Qi, Guoyou & Zou, Hailiang & Xie, Xuemei & Meng, Xiaohua & Fan, Tijun & Cao, Yuanhe, 2020. "Obedience or escape: Examining the contingency influences of corruption on firm exports," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 261-272.

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    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development

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