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Farmers' perceptions of benefits and factors affecting the adoption of improved dual‐purpose cowpea in the dry savannas of Nigeria


  • P. Kristjanson
  • I. Okike
  • S. Tarawali
  • B. B. Singh
  • V. M. Manyong


This study links participatory research methods, geographic information systems (GIS) techniques, village and household‐level surveys, and a tobit analysis to examine the adoption and impact issues related to a new technology, improved varieties of dual‐purpose cowpea (IDPC), developed by International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and recently released in Nigeria. The article analyzes factors affecting the adoption and impact of the technology across different socioeconomic domains as defined by degree of market access and population density. The results show multiple benefits from this flexible leguminous crop, many of which relate to the fodder and soil fertility‐enhancing aspects of IDPC rather than higher grain yields per se. The intensity of adoption was affected by different village‐ and household‐level factors in each socioeconomic domain, allowing more sharply defined recommendation domain‐targeting strategies. The multiple research approaches taken also provided useful lessons at different system levels regarding the benefits of, and perceived problems with, this technology for researchers, development practitioners, and policy makers. The collaborative research approaches taken in this study are helping to close the “feedback loop” from farmers back to researchers and others attempting to disseminate the technology, and by doing so, should contribute to faster and more widespread uptake of this technology.

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  • P. Kristjanson & I. Okike & S. Tarawali & B. B. Singh & V. M. Manyong, 2005. "Farmers' perceptions of benefits and factors affecting the adoption of improved dual‐purpose cowpea in the dry savannas of Nigeria," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 32(2), pages 195-210, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:agecon:v:32:y:2005:i:2:p:195-210
    DOI: 10.1111/j.0169-5150.2005.00338.x

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    2. Moussa, Bokar & Otoo, Miriam & Fulton, Joan R. & Lowenberg-DeBoer, James, 2009. "Evaluating the Effectiveness of Alternative Extension Methods: Triple-Bag Storage of Cowpeas by Small-Scale Farmers in West Africa," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49448, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
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    8. Wollni, Meike & Lee, David R. & Thies, Janice E., 2009. "Effects of Participation in Organic Markets and Farmer-based Organizations on the Adoption of Soil Conservation Practices among Small-scale Farmers in Honduras," 2009 Conference, August 16-22, 2009, Beijing, China 51669, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
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    11. Acheampong, Patricia Pinamang & Acheampong, Lawrencia Donkor, 2020. "Analysis of Adoption of Improved Cassava (Manihot Esculenta) Varieties in Ghana: Implications for Agricultural Technology Disseminations," International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Department of Economics and Finance, vol. 8(3), July.
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    16. Ayele, Seife & Duncan, Alan & Larbi, Asamoah & Khanh, Truong Tan, 2016. "Enhancing innovation in livestock value chains through networks: Lessons from fodder innovation case studies in developing countries," IFPRI book chapters, in: Devaux, André & Torero, Maximo & Donovan, Jason & Horton, Douglas E. (ed.), Innovation for inclusive value-chain development: Successes and challenges, chapter 5, pages 175-200, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    18. Manyong, Victor M. & Alene, Arega D. & Odhiambo, George D. & Mignouna, H.D. & Bokanga, M. & Omanya, G. & Nindi, S.J., 2008. "Livelihood Strategies of Resource-Poor Farmers in Striga-Infested Areas of Western Kenya," 2007 Second International Conference, August 20-22, 2007, Accra, Ghana 52195, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE).
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    21. Wollni, Meike & Lee, David R. & Thies, Janice E., 2008. "Effects of participation in organic markets and farmer-based organizations on adoption of soil conservation practices among small-scale farmers in Honduras," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6423, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).

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