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Capital structure formation in multinational and local companies in the Baltic States

Author

Listed:
  • Mari Avarmaa

    () (Tallinn University of Technology)

  • Aaro Hazak

    () (Tallinn University of Technology)

  • Kadri Männasoo

    () (Tallinn University of Technology)

Abstract

This paper investigates whether there are systematic differences in the capital structure formation of local companies and subsidiaries of multinational companies (MNCs) operating in the Baltic States over the period from 2000 to 2008. The analysis is based on panel data estimation on a sample covering 87,000 company-year observations. We find local companies to be more leveraged than MNCs, mainly explained by use of intra group equity financing, lower investment intensity and higher profit retention of the latter. However, MNCs appear to have had better access to external finance, resulting in their competitive advantage over local companies, especially in periods characterised by significant credit constraints. In contrast, local companies appear to have started to increase their leverage under relaxed credit constraints during the years of economic boom, demonstrating local companies’ greater vulnerability to adverse cyclical effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Mari Avarmaa & Aaro Hazak & Kadri Männasoo, 2011. "Capital structure formation in multinational and local companies in the Baltic States," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 11(1), pages 125-146, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bic:journl:v:11:y:2011:i:1:p:125-146
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nicoleta BARBUTA-MISU, 2012. "Analysis of the Financial Structure Influence on the Cost of Capital in Multinational Companies," Risk in Contemporary Economy, "Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, pages 301-310.
    2. Kadri Männasoo & Heili Hein, 2017. "Capital investments and financing structure: Are R&D companies different?," TUT Economic Research Series 26, Department of Finance and Economics, Tallinn University of Technology.
    3. Péter Hernádi & Mihály Ormos, 2012. "What managers think of capital structure and how they act: Evidence from Central and Eastern Europe," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 12(2), pages 47-71, December.
    4. Nicoleta Barbuta-Misu, 2012. "Influence the capital structure on the cost of capital and enterprise value in multinationals," EuroEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 4(31), pages 7-20, November.
    5. Cevik, Emrah Ismail & Dibooglu, Sel & Kutan, Ali M., 2013. "Measuring financial stress in transition economies," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 597-611.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    capital structure; multinational companies; local companies; Baltic States;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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