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Companies' Financial Decisions Under the Distributed Profit Taxation Regime of Estonia

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  • Aaro Hazak

Abstract

This paper empirically analyzes companies' capital structure and dividend decisions under distributed profit taxation (DPT), Estonia's corporate taxation regime since 2000. The sample covers 26,000 observations of Estonian companies from 1995 to 2004. The results show that the DPT system has led companies to pay less in dividends and retain more profits. Simultaneously, the importance of external financing in companies' total capital has decreased. The undistributed profits appear to be partially retained as surplus cash, instead of being reinvested into long-term productive assets. DPT seems to support companies' liquidity and sustainability; however, the allocation of funds is potentially inefficient.

Suggested Citation

  • Aaro Hazak, 2009. "Companies' Financial Decisions Under the Distributed Profit Taxation Regime of Estonia," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(4), pages 4-12, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:emfitr:v:45:y:2009:i:4:p:4-12
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    7. Michael Funke, 2002. "Determining the Taxation and Investment Impacts of Estonia´s 2000 Income Tax Reform," Quantitative Macroeconomics Working Papers 20204, Hamburg University, Department of Economics.
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    10. Merton H. Miller & Franco Modigliani, 1961. "Dividend Policy, Growth, and the Valuation of Shares," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 34, pages 411-411.
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    Cited by:

    1. Anne Lauringson, 2011. "Unemployment Benefits In A Period Of Crisis: The Effect On Unemployment Duration," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series 82, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
    2. Jaan Masso & Jaanika Merikull & Priit Vahter, 2011. "Gross profit taxation versus distributed profit taxation and firm perfomance : effects of Estonia,s corporate income tax reform," Bank of Estonia Working Papers wp2011-02, Bank of Estonia, revised 27 Apr 2011.
    3. Masso, Jaan & Meriküll, Jaanika & Vahter, Priit, 2013. "Shift from gross profit taxation to distributed profit taxation: Are there effects on firms?," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 1092-1105.
    4. Priit Sander & Mark Kantšukov, 2009. "Effect of Corporate Taxation System on Profitability and Market Ratios – the Case of ROE and P/B Ratios," Research in Economics and Business: Central and Eastern Europe, Tallinn School of Economics and Business Administration, Tallinn University of Technology, vol. 1(2).
    5. Hsien-Hung H. Yeh & Eduardo Roca, 2012. "Macroeconomic Conditions and Capital Structure over the Business Cycle: Further Evidence in the Context of Taiwan," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(S3), pages 141-156, September.
    6. Mari Avarmaa & Aaro Hazak & Kadri Männasoo, 2011. "Capital structure formation in multinational and local companies in the Baltic States," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 11(1), pages 125-146, July.
    7. Heili Hein & Kadri Männasoo, 2017. "Are business obstacles different for R&D companies?," TUT Economic Research Series 33, Department of Finance and Economics, Tallinn University of Technology.
    8. Karsten Staehr, 2014. "Corporate Income Taxation in Estonia. Is It Time to Abandon Dividend Taxation?," TUT Economic Research Series 9, Department of Finance and Economics, Tallinn University of Technology.
    9. Hsien-Hung H. Yeh & Eduardo Roca, 2012. "Macroeconomic Conditions and Capital Structure over the Business Cycle: Further Evidence in the Context of Taiwan," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(S3), pages 141-156, September.
    10. Egert Juuse & Rainer Kattel, 2014. "Financialisation and the Financial and Economic Crises: The Case of Estonia," FESSUD studies fstudy20, Financialisation, Economy, Society & Sustainable Development (FESSUD) Project.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    capital structure; corporate taxation; dividend policy;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G35 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Payout Policy
    • K34 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Tax Law

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