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Why is Agricultural Labour Productivity higher in some countries than others?


  • Gutierrez, Luciano


Agriculture productivity varies dramatically in different regions of the world. Using recent theories of economic growth and recently provided data sets, this study finds some empirical regularities between agricultural labour productivity growth, investment and education, as well as environmental factors, for 44 countries during the period 1980-1993. I find strong evidence that where agricultural investment and educated people rates are higher, agricultural labour productivity grows faster. Secondly, geographical factors as well as freer trade influence growth. Finally, I find evidence of conditional convergence, which means that cross-country agricultural productivity does not converge to the same level of steady-state but that productivity in each country converges to its own long-run equilibrium.

Suggested Citation

  • Gutierrez, Luciano, 2002. "Why is Agricultural Labour Productivity higher in some countries than others?," Agricultural Economics Review, Greek Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 3(1), January.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aergaa:26431

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-1037, October.
    2. Larson, David F. & Butzer, Rita & Mundlak, Yair & Crego, Al, 2000. "A Cross-Country Database for Sector Investment and Capital," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(2), pages 371-391, May.
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    7. Mundlak, Yair, 1997. "The Dynamics of Agriculture," 1997 Conference, August 10-16, 1997, Sacramento, California 197028, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    8. Macours, Karen & Swinnen, Johan F M, 2002. "Patterns of Agrarian Transition," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 50(2), pages 365-394, January.
    9. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew Warner, 1995. "Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 1-118.
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    12. Martin, Will & Mitra, Devashish, 2001. "Productivity Growth and Convergence in Agriculture versus Manufacturing," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 49(2), pages 403-422, January.
    13. Edwards, Sebastian, 1992. "Trade orientation, distortions and growth in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 31-57, July.
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