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Why is Agricultural Labour Productivity higher in some countries than others?

  • Gutierrez, Luciano

Agriculture productivity varies dramatically in different regions of the world. Using recent theories of economic growth and recently provided data sets, this study finds some empirical regularities between agricultural labour productivity growth, investment and education, as well as environmental factors, for 44 countries during the period 1980-1993. I find strong evidence that where agricultural investment and educated people rates are higher, agricultural labour productivity grows faster. Secondly, geographical factors as well as freer trade influence growth. Finally, I find evidence of conditional convergence, which means that cross-country agricultural productivity does not converge to the same level of steady-state but that productivity in each country converges to its own long-run equilibrium.

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File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/26431
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Article provided by Greek Association of Agricultural Economists in its journal Agricultural Economics Review.

Volume (Year): 03 (2002)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:ags:aergaa:26431
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.etagro.gr/
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  1. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2232, David K. Levine.
  2. Mundlak, Yair, 1997. "The Dynamics of Agriculture," 1997 Conference, August 10-16, 1997, Sacramento, California 197028, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  3. Gutierrez, Luciano & Guiterrez, M., 2002. "International R&D Spillovers and Productivity Growth in the Agricultural Sector A Panel Cointegration Approach," 2002 International Congress, August 28-31, 2002, Zaragoza, Spain 24967, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
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  9. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew Warner, 1995. "Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 1-118.
  10. Barro, Robert J & Lee, Jong Wha, 1996. "International Measures of Schooling Years and Schooling Quality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 218-23, May.
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  12. Martin, Will & Mitra, Devashish, 2001. "Productivity Growth and Convergence in Agriculture versus Manufacturing," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 49(2), pages 403-22, January.
  13. Jonathan Temple, 1999. "The New Growth Evidence," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(1), pages 112-156, March.
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