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Social Determinants of Labor Market Status of Ethnic Minorities in Britain

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  • Martin Kahanec

    ()
    (IZA)

  • Mariapia Mendola

    ()
    ((University of Milan Bicocca and Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano)

Abstract

The labor market behavior of ethnic communities in advanced societies and the social determinants of their labor market outcomes are important empirical issues with significant policy consequences. We use direct information on social interactions within multiple-origin ethnic minorities in England and Wales to investigate the ways different network-based social ties influence individual employment outcomes. We find that (i) ‘strong ties’, measured by contacts with parents and children away, increase the probability of self-employment, while ‘weak social ties’, measured by engagement in voluntary organizations, are more likely to channel members of ethnic minorities into paid employment; (ii) ‘ethnic networks’, measured by interactions between individuals of the same ethnicity, are positively associated with the likelihood to be self-employed, while engagement in mixed or non-ethnic social networks facilitates paid employment among minority individuals. These findings hint at a positive role of social integration in the host society on labor market outcomes of ethnic minority groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano in its series Development Working Papers with number 253.

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Length: 38
Date of creation: 30 Jun 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:csl:devewp:253

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Keywords: labor market; self-employment; ethnic minorities; social ties; ethnic networks;

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Cited by:
  1. Comola, Margherita & Mendola, Mariapia, 2014. "The Formation of Migrant Networks," IZA Discussion Papers 7981, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Kahanec, Martin & Zaiceva, Anzelika, 2008. "Labor Market Outcomes of Immigrants and Non-Citizens in the EU: An East-West Comparison," IZA Discussion Papers 3420, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Luciana Méndez Errico, 2013. "The Impacts of Social Networks on Immigrants’ Employment Prospects: The Spanish Case 1997-2007," Working Papers wpdea1301, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.
  4. Kahanec, Martin & Zaiceva, Anzelika & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2010. "Ethnic Minorities in the European Union: An Overview," IZA Discussion Papers 5397, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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