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Ethnosizing Immigrants

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Author Info

  • Constant, Amelie F.

    ()
    (George Washington University, Temple University)

  • Gataullina, Liliya

    ()
    (IZA)

  • Zimmermann, Klaus F.

    ()
    (IZA and University of Bonn)

Abstract

The paper provides a new measure of the ethnic identity of immigrants and explores its evolution in the host country. The ethnosizer, a measure of the intensity of a person's ethnic identity, is constructed from information on the following elements: language, culture, societal interaction, history of migration, and ethnic self-identification. A two-dimensional concept of the ethnosizer classifies immigrants into four states: integration, assimilation, separation and marginalization. We find that ethnic identity persists stronger for females, Muslims, those with schooling in the home country, and older age at the time of entry. Young migrants are assimilated or integrated the most. While Muslims do not integrate, Catholics and other Christians assimilate the best. Immigrants with college or higher education in the home country integrate very well, but do not assimilate. Having some schooling is worse than no education for integration or assimilation. The ethnicity of individuals, measured by country of origin, remains relevant.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 2040.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp2040

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Postal: IZA, Margard Ody, P.O. Box 7240, D-53072 Bonn, Germany
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Keywords: migrant integration; ethnicity; ethnic identity; acculturation; migrant assimilation;

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References

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  1. Victor Piché & Jean Renaud & Lucie Gingras, 2002. "Economic Integration of New Immigrants in the Montreal Labor Market: A Longitudinal Approach," Population (english edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 57(1), pages 57-82.
  2. Guiso, Luigi & Sapienza, Paola & Zingales, Luigi, 2006. "Does Culture Affect Economic Outcomes?," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 5505, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  4. Aslan Zorlu, 2003. "Do ethnicity and sex matter in pay? Analyses of 8 ethnic groups in the Dutch labour market," NIMA Working Papers, Núcleo de Investigação em Microeconomia Aplicada (NIMA), Universidade do Minho 21, Núcleo de Investigação em Microeconomia Aplicada (NIMA), Universidade do Minho.
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  6. Chiswick, Barry R & Miller, Paul M, 1996. "Ethnic Networks and Language Proficiency among Immigrants," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 19-35, February.
  7. Cutler, David & Vigdor, Jacob & Glaeser, Edward, 1999. "The Rise and Decline of the American Ghetto," Scholarly Articles, Harvard University Department of Economics 2770033, Harvard University Department of Economics.
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  10. Betts, Julian & Fairlie, Robert, 2000. "Explaining Ethnic, Racial, and Immigrant Differences in Private School Attendance," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, UC San Diego qt9n44g161, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
  11. Bisin, Alberto & Patacchini, Eleonora & Verdier, Thierry & Zenou, Yves, 2006. "'Bend It Like Beckham': Identity, Socialization and Assimilation," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 5662, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  12. Kuran, Timur, 1998. "Ethnic Norms and Their Transformation through Reputational Cascades," The Journal of Legal Studies, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 27(2), pages 623-59, June.
  13. Paul W. Miller & Barry R. Chiswick, 2002. "Immigrant earnings: Language skills, linguistic concentrations and the business cycle," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 15(1), pages 31-57.
  14. Amelie Constant & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2006. "Legal Status at Entry, Economic Performance, and Self-Employment Proclivity: A Bi-National Study of Immigrants," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research 547, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  15. Chiswick, Barry R, 1991. "Speaking, Reading, and Earnings among Low-Skilled Immigrants," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 9(2), pages 149-70, April.
  16. Mason, Patrick L., 2004. "Annual income, hourly wages, and identity Among Mexican Americans and other Latinos," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 11326, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  17. Smith, James P., 2006. "Immigrants and Their Schooling," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier, Elsevier.
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