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Fertility Determinants and Economic Uncertainty: An Assessment Using European Panel Data

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  • George Hondroyiannis

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Abstract

This paper examines the determinants of fertility, using panel data for twenty-seven European countries. We employ panel co-integration to estimate fertility as function of demographic and economic variables. We show that low fertility in most industrialized countries in Europe is due to low infant mortality rates, high female employment, low nuptiality rate and high opportunity cost of having children. Using two measures of economic uncertainty, which are associated with labor market decisions - a production (an output) volatility measure and the unemployment rate - we examine to what extent economic insecurities affect fertility decisions. The empirical results show that both measures of economic uncertainty have a significant negative impact on fertility implying that labor market insecurities might be a significant factor affecting fertility decisions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Family and Economic Issues.

Volume (Year): 31 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
Pages: 33-50

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Handle: RePEc:kap:jfamec:v:31:y:2010:i:1:p:33-50

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=104904

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Keywords: Fertility choice; Panel estimation;

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  2. Marcus Klemm, 2012. "Job Security and Fertility: Evidence from German Reunification," Ruhr Economic Papers 0379, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  3. Dimitrios Sideris, 2011. "Optimum currency areas, structural changes and the endogeneity of the OCA criteria: evidence from six new EU member states," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 195-206.
  4. Hafner, Kurt A. & Mayer-Foulkes, David, 2013. "Fertility, economic growth, and human development causal determinants of the developed lifestyle," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 38(PA), pages 107-120.
  5. Bastien Chabé-Ferret & Paolo Melindi Ghidi, 2013. "Differences in fertility behavior and uncertainty: an economic theory of the minority status hypothesis," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 887-905, July.
  6. Francesca Modena & Concetta Rondinelli & Fabio Sabatini, 2013. "Economic insecurity and fertility intentions: the case of Italy," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 931, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  7. Kuang-Ta Lo, 2012. "The Crowding-out Effect of Homeownership on Fertility," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 33(1), pages 108-117, March.
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  9. Bastien CHABE-FERRET, 2013. "Socioeconomic Characteristics, Fertility Norms and the Black-White Fertility Gap in the US," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2013011, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  10. Bastien CHABE-FERRET, 2013. "The Importance of Fertility Norms: New Evidence from France," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2013012, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
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  12. Kai-Wen Cheng, 2011. "The Effect of Contraceptive Knowledge on Fertility: The Roles of Mass Media and Social Networks," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 32(2), pages 257-267, June.
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  14. Alejandro Cid & Charles E. Stokes, 2011. "Family Structural Influences on Children’s Education Attainment:Evidence from Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo/Working Papers 1103, Facultad de Ciencias Empresariales y Economia. Universidad de Montevideo..
  15. Justin Doran, 2012. "An analysis of the interdependence of demographic factors, labour effort and economic growth in Ireland," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 39(3), pages 221-237, March.

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