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How Can Scholarship Institutions Foster the Return of Foreign Students?

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  • Miriam Henseler

    ()
    (Universität Konstanz, DFG Bonn)

  • Joachim Plesch

    ()
    (Universität Konstanz)

Abstract

We investigate the return decision of students from developing and transition countries who studied in Germany and received support from a scholarship institution. Using a discrete time duration analysis and controlling for economic, political and institutional determinants, we find that individual factors, in particular age and time spent in the host country, have a crucial impact on the return decision. We propose selection criteria and proper contractual arrangements that are liable to induce students to return, thereby fostering the economic development in their home countries.Moreover, we analyze the impact of cultural differences between home and host country on the return decision. Especially graduates from Africa seem to consider cultural differences when deciding whether and when to return.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics in its journal Journal of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 229 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 (August)
Pages: 382-409

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Handle: RePEc:jns:jbstat:v:229:y:2009:i:4:p:392-409

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Related research

Keywords: Foreign students; return migration; integration; developing countries;

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References

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  1. Kim, Jinyoung, 1998. "Economic analysis of foreign education and students abroad," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 337-365, August.
  2. Park, Jungsoo, 2004. "International student flows and R&D spillovers," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 315-320, March.
  3. Axel Dreher & Panu Poutvaara, 2005. "Student Flows and Migration: An Empirical Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 1490, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. La Porta, Rafael & Lopez-de-Silanes, Florencio & Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert, 1999. "The Quality of Government," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(1), pages 222-79, April.
  5. E. Anthon Eff, 2004. "Spatial and Cultural Autocorrelation in International Datasets," Working Papers 200401, Middle Tennessee State University, Department of Economics and Finance.
  6. Nathan J. Ashby, 2007. "Economic Freedom and Migration Flows between U.S. States," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 73(3), pages 677–697, January.
  7. Nil Demet Gungor & Aysit Tansel, 2003. "Return Intentions of University-Educated Turkish Expatriates," Working Papers 0323, Economic Research Forum, revised Aug 2003.
  8. Dustmann, Christian & Kirchkamp, Oliver, 2001. "The Optimal Migration Duration and Activity Choice after Re-migration," IZA Discussion Papers 266, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Domenico de Palo & Riccardo Faini & Alessandra Venturini, 2007. "The Social Assimilation of Immigrants," Development Working Papers 225, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  10. Baruch, Yehuda & Budhwar, Pawan S. & Khatri, Naresh, 2007. "Brain drain: Inclination to stay abroad after studies," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 99-112, March.
  11. Spilimbergo, Antonio, 2006. "Democracy and Foreign Education," CEPR Discussion Papers 5934, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  12. Alfredo Esposto & Peter Zaleski, 1999. "Economic Freedom and the Quality of Life: An Empirical Analysis," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 10(2), pages 185-197, June.
  13. Bratsberg, Bernt, 1995. "The incidence of non-return among foreign students in the United States," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 373-384, December.
  14. Nil Demet Güngör & Aysit Tansel, 2007. "Brain Drain from Turkey: The Case of Professionals Abroad," Working Papers 2007/2, Turkish Economic Association, revised Feb 2007.
  15. Rotte, Ralph & Vogler, Michael, 1999. "The Effects of Development on Migration: Theoretical Issues and New Empirical Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 46, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  16. George J. Borjas, 1994. "The Economics of Immigration," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(4), pages 1667-1717, December.
  17. Ham, John C & Rea, Samuel A, Jr, 1987. "Unemployment Insurance and Male Unemployment Duration in Canada," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 5(3), pages 325-53, July.
  18. Noh-Sun Kwark & Yong-Sang Shyn, 2006. "International R&D spillovers revisited: Human capital as an absorptive capacity for foreign technology," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(2), pages 179-196.
  19. Mulinge, Munyae & Mueller, Charles W., 1998. "Employee job satisfaction in developing countries: The case of Kenya," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 26(12), pages 2181-2199, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Thomas Lange, 2009. "Return migration of foreign students andthe choice of non-resident tuition fees," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 74, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  2. Thomas Lange, 2013. "Return migration of foreign students and non-resident tuition fees," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 26(2), pages 703-718, April.
  3. Tim Krieger & Thomas Lange, 2010. "Education policy and tax competition with imperfect student and labor mobility," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 17(6), pages 587-606, December.
  4. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00564912 is not listed on IDEAS

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