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The determinants of international mobility of students

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  • Michel Beine
  • Romain Noël
  • Lionel Ragot

Abstract

This paper analyzes the determinants of the choice of location of international students. Building on the documented trends in international migration of students, we develop a small theoretical model allowing to identify the various factors associated to the attraction of migrants as well as the costs of moving abroad. Using new data capturing the number of students from a large set of origin countries studying in a set of 13 OECD countries, weassess the importance of the various factors identified in the theory. We find support for a significant network effect in the migration of students, a result so far undocumented in the literature. We also find a significant role for cost factors such as housing prices and for attractiveness variables such as the reported quality of universities. In contrast, we do not find an important role for registration fees.

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File URL: http://economix.fr/pdf/dt/2013/WP_EcoX_2013-26.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Paris West - Nanterre la Défense, EconomiX in its series EconomiX Working Papers with number 2013-26.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:drm:wpaper:2013-26

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Keywords: Student mobility; network effect; migration costs; higher education policy.;

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  1. Alexander Haupt & Tim Krieger & Thomas Lange, 2010. "A Note on Brain Gain and Brain Drain: Permanent Migration and Education Policy," CESifo Working Paper Series 3154, CESifo Group Munich.
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  3. Laura Thissen & Sjef Ederveen, 2006. "Higher education; time for coordination on a European level?," CPB Discussion Paper 68, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  4. Carla Sa & Raymond Florax & Piet Rietveld, 2004. "Determinants of the Regional Demand for Higher Education in The Netherlands: A Gravity Model Approach," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(4), pages 375-392.
  5. Michel Beine & Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, . "Brain drain and human capital formation in developing countries: winners and losers?," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/10415, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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  7. Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2011. "Globalization, Brain Drain and Development," Working Papers, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics 2011-18, Bar-Ilan University, Department of Economics.
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  9. Donata Bessey, 2012. "International student migration to Germany," Empirical Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 42(1), pages 345-361, February.
  10. James E. Anderson & Eric van Wincoop, 2004. "Trade Costs," NBER Working Papers 10480, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  14. Chiswick, Barry R, 1978. "The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-born Men," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 897-921, October.
  15. Tenreyro, Silvana, 2007. "On the trade impact of nominal exchange rate volatility," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 485-508, March.
  16. Grogger, Jeffrey & Hanson, Gordon H., 2011. "Income maximization and the selection and sorting of international migrants," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 42-57, May.
  17. Van Bouwel, Linda & Veugelers, Reinhilde, 2010. "Does university quality drive international student flows?," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 7657, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  18. Bratsberg, Bernt, 1995. "The incidence of non-return among foreign students in the United States," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 373-384, December.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Simone Bertoli & Jesus Fernández-Huertas Moraga, 2012. "Visa Policies, Networks and the Cliff at the Border," Working Papers 2012-12, FEDEA.
  2. Michel Beine & Simone Bertoli & Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga, 2014. "A practitioners' guide to gravity models of international migration," Working Papers 2014-03, FEDEA.
  3. Murat, Marina, 2014. "Out of Sight, Not Out of Mind. Education Networks and International Trade," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 53-66.
  4. Paula Stephan & Giuseppe Scellato & Chiara Franzoni, 2014. "International Competition for PhDs and Postdoctoral Scholars: What Does (and Does Not) Matter," NBER Chapters, in: Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 15 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Govert E. Bijwaard & Qi Wang, . "Return Migration of Foreign Students," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1427, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  6. Romuald Méango, 2014. "International Student Migration: A Partial Identification Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 4677, CESifo Group Munich.
  7. Andrea ARIU & Pasquamaria SQUICCIARINI, 2013. "The Balance of Brains: Corruption and High Skilled Migration," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales), Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) 2013010, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  8. Paula Stephan & Chiara Franzoni & Giuseppe Scellato, 2013. "Choice of Country by the Foreign Born for PhD and Postdoctoral Study: A Sixteen-Country Perspective," NBER Working Papers 18809, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Voegtle, Eva Maria & Fulge, Timm, 2013. "The Bologna Process' impact on cross-national student mobility: A multi-method evaluation," TranState Working Papers 179, University of Bremen, Collaborative Research Center 597: Transformations of the State.

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