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The Determinants of International Mobility of Students

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  • Michel Beine
  • Romain Noël
  • Lionel Ragot

Abstract

This paper analyzes the determinants of the choice of location of international students. Building on the documented trends in international migration of students, we develop a small theoretical model allowing to identify the various factors associated to the attraction of migrants as well as the costs of moving abroad. Using new data capturing the number of students from a large set of origin countries studying in a set of 13 OECD countries, we assess the importance of the various factors identified in the theory. We find support for a significant network effect in the migration of students, a result so far undocumented in the literature. We also find a significant role for cost factors such as housing prices and for attractiveness variables such as the reported quality of universities. In contrast, we do not find an important role for registration fees (reverse causality, signal of quality, covered by grants).

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CEPII research center in its series Working Papers with number 2013-30.

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Date of creation: Sep 2013
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Handle: RePEc:cii:cepidt:2013-30

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Keywords: student mobility; network effect; migration costs; attractiveness policy;

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  1. Jerik Hanushek & Dennis Kimko, 2006. "Schooling, Labor-force Quality, and the Growth of Nations," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, Higher School of Economics, issue 1, pages 154-193.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Michel Beine & Simone Bertoli & Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga, 2014. "A practitioners' guide to gravity models of international migration," Working Papers 2014-03, FEDEA.
  2. Andrea ARIU & Pasquamaria SQUICCIARINI, 2013. "The Balance of Brains: Corruption and High Skilled Migration," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales), Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) 2013010, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  3. Govert E. Bijwaard & Qi Wang, . "Return Migration of Foreign Students," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1427, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  4. Romuald Méango, 2014. "International Student Migration: A Partial Identification Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 4677, CESifo Group Munich.
  5. Bertoli, Simone & Fernández-Huertas Moraga, Jesús, 2012. "Visa Policies, Networks and the Cliff at the Border," IZA Discussion Papers 7094, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Voegtle, Eva Maria & Fulge, Timm, 2013. "The Bologna Process' impact on cross-national student mobility: A multi-method evaluation," TranState Working Papers, University of Bremen, Collaborative Research Center 597: Transformations of the State 179, University of Bremen, Collaborative Research Center 597: Transformations of the State.
  7. Paula Stephan & Chiara Franzoni & Giuseppe Scellato, 2013. "Choice of Country by the Foreign Born for PhD and Postdoctoral Study: A Sixteen-Country Perspective," NBER Working Papers 18809, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Marina Murat, 2012. "Out of sight, not out of mind. Education networks and international trade," Center for Economic Research (RECent), University of Modena and Reggio E., Dept. of Economics 087, University of Modena and Reggio E., Dept. of Economics.
  9. Paula Stephan & Giuseppe Scellato & Chiara Franzoni, 2014. "International Competition for PhDs and Postdoctoral Scholars: What Does (and Does Not) Matter," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 15 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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