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Education policy and tax competition with imperfect student and labor mobility

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Author Info

  • Tim Krieger

    ()
    (University of Paderborn)

  • Thomas Lange

    ()
    (Ifo institute for economic research & University of Konstanz)

Abstract

In this paper we analyze the effect of increasing labor (i.e. graduates’/ academics’) and student mobility on net tax revenues when revenuemaximizing governments compete for human capital by means of income tax rates and amenities offered to students (positive expenditure) or rather tuition fees (negative expenditure). We demonstrate that these instruments are strategic complements and that increasing labor mobility due to ongoing globalization not necessarily implies intensified tax competition and an erosion of revenues. On the contrary, the equilibrium tax rate even increases in mobility. Amenities offered to students (or rather tuition fees) may either increase or decrease, and, overall, net revenues increase. An increase in student mobility, however, erodes revenues due to intensified tax and amenity competition.

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File URL: http://groups.uni-paderborn.de/wp-wiwi/RePEc/pdf/ciepap/WP08.pdf
File Function: First version, 2008
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Paderborn, CIE Center for International Economics in its series Working Papers CIE with number 8.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pdn:ciepap:8

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Related research

Keywords: labor mobility; student mobility; higher education; tax competition; public expenditure competition;

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References

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  1. repec:pdn:wpaper:21 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Haupt, Alexander & Krieger, Tim, 2013. "The role of mobility in tax and subsidy competition," Discussion Paper Series 2013-02, University of Freiburg, Wilfried Guth Endowed Chair for Constitutional Political Economy and Competition Policy.
  3. Baruch, Yehuda & Budhwar, Pawan S. & Khatri, Naresh, 2007. "Brain drain: Inclination to stay abroad after studies," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 99-112, March.
  4. Case, Anne C. & Rosen, Harvey S. & Hines, James Jr., 1993. "Budget spillovers and fiscal policy interdependence : Evidence from the states," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(3), pages 285-307, October.
  5. Poutvaara, Panu, 2001. "Alternative tax constitutions and risky education in a federation," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(2-3), pages 355-377, April.
  6. Alexander Haupt & Wolfgang Peters, 2003. "Voting on public pensions with hands and feet," Economics of Governance, Springer, vol. 4(1), pages 57-80, 04.
  7. Justman, Moshe & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 1997. "Implications of the mobility of skilled labor for local public funding of higher education," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 409-412, September.
  8. JUSTMAN , Moshe & THISSE, Jacques-François, . "Local public funding of higher education when skilled labor is imperfectly mobile," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1460, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  9. Panu Poutvaara, 2003. "Educating Europe," Public Economics 0302008, EconWPA.
  10. Panu Poutvaara, 2000. "Education, Mobility of Labour and Tax Competition," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 7(6), pages 699-719, December.
  11. Elena Del Rey, 2001. "Economic Integration and Public Provision of Education," Empirica, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 203-218, June.
  12. Dreher, Axel & Poutvaara, Panu, 2005. "Student Flows and Migration: An Empirical Analysis," IZA Discussion Papers 1612, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  13. Andersson, Fredrik & Konrad, Kai A., 2003. "Human capital investment and globalization in extortionary states," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(7-8), pages 1539-1555, August.
  14. Gabrielle Demange & Robert Fenge & Silke Uebelmesser, 2008. "Financing Higher Education and Labor Mobility," CESifo Working Paper Series 2362, CESifo Group Munich.
  15. Miriam Henseler & Joachim Plesch, 2009. "How Can Scholarship Institutions Foster the Return of Foreign Students?," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 229(4), pages 382-409, August.
  16. Poutvaara, Panu, 2004. "Educating Europe: Should Public Education be Financed with Graduate Taxes or Income-contingent Loans?," Munich Reprints in Economics 19296, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  17. Panu Poutvaara & Vesa Kanniainen, 2000. "Why Invest in Your Neighbor? Social Contract on Educational Investment," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 7(4), pages 547-562, August.
  18. Robin Boadway & Nicolas Marceau & Maurice Marchand, 1992. "Investment in Education and the Time Inconsistency of Redistributive Tax Policy," Working Papers 860, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  19. Mansoorian, Arman & Myers, Gordon M., 1993. "Attachment to home and efficient purchases of population in a fiscal externality economy," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 117-132, August.
  20. Thomas Lange, 2009. "Public Funding of Higher Education when Students and Skilled Workers are Mobile," FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 65(2), pages 178-199, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Dwenger, Nadja & Storck, Johanna & Wrohlich, Katharina, 2012. "Do tuition fees affect the mobility of university applicants? Evidence from a natural experiment," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 155-167.
  2. Alexander Haupt & Tim Krieger & Thomas Lange, 2011. "Competition for the International Pool of Talent: Education Policy and Student Mobility," CESifo Working Paper Series 3421, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Haupt, Alexander & Krieger, Tim & Lange, Thomas, 2013. "Education policy, student migration, and brain gain," Discussion Paper Series 2013-05, University of Freiburg, Wilfried Guth Endowed Chair for Constitutional Political Economy and Competition Policy.
  4. Silke Übelmesser & Marcel Gérard, 2014. "Financing Higher Education when Students and Graduates are Internationally Mobile," Jena Economic Research Papers 2014-009, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
  5. Gabrielle Demange & Robert Fenge & Silke Uebelmesser, 2012. "Financing Higher Education in a Mobile World," CESifo Working Paper Series 3849, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. repec:pdn:ciepap:21 is not listed on IDEAS
  7. Delpierre, Matthieu & Verheyden, Bertrand, 2014. "Student and worker mobility under university and government competition," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 26-41.
  8. Alexander Haupt & Tim Krieger, 2009. "The role of mobility in tax and subsidy competition," Working Papers 2009/37, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  9. Hübner, Malte, 2012. "The welfare effects of discriminating between in-state and out-of-state students," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1-2), pages 364-374.

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