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The cleansing effect of banking crises

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  • Gropp, Reint
  • Ongena, Steven
  • Rocholl, Jörg
  • Saadi, Vahid

Abstract

We assess the cleansing effects of the recent banking crisis. In U.S. regions with higher levels of supervisory forbearance on distressed banks during the crisis, there is less restructuring in the real sector and the banking sector remains less healthy for several years after the crisis. Regions with less supervisory forbearance experience higher productivity growth after the crisis with more firm entries, job creation, and employment, wages, patents, and output growth. Supervisory forbearance is greater for state-chartered banks and in regions with weaker banking competition and more independent banks, while recapitalisation of distressed banks through TARP does not facilitate cleansing.

Suggested Citation

  • Gropp, Reint & Ongena, Steven & Rocholl, Jörg & Saadi, Vahid, 2020. "The cleansing effect of banking crises," IWH Discussion Papers 12/2020, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:iwhdps:122020
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    1. Furceri, Davide & Kilic Celik, Sinem & Jalles, João Tovar & Koloskova, Ksenia, 2021. "Recessions and total factor productivity: Evidence from sectoral data," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 130-138.
    2. Gropp, Reint & Koetter, Michael & McShane, William, 2020. "The Corona recession and bank stress in Germany," IWH Online 4/2020, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    3. Barbaro, Bianca & Tirelli, Patrizio, 2021. "Forbearance vs foreclosure in a general equilibrium model," Working Paper Series 2531, European Central Bank.
    4. Özlem Dursun-de Neef, H. & Schandlbauer, Alexander, 2021. "COVID-19 and lending responses of European banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    5. Bittner, Christian & Fecht, Falko & Georg, Co-Pierre, 2021. "Contagious zombies," Discussion Papers 15/2021, Deutsche Bundesbank.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    cleansing effect; banking crises; supervisory for bearance; productivity growth;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth

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