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Gun violence in the U.S.: Correlates and causes

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  • Kukharskyy, Bohdan
  • Seiffert, Sebastian

Abstract

This paper provides a county-level investigation of the root causes of gun violence in the U.S. To guide our empirical analysis, we develop a simple theoretical model which suggests that firearm-related offenses in a given county increase with the number of illegal guns and decrease with social capital and police intensity. Using detailed panel data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation for the period 1986-2014, we find empirical evidence for the causal effects of illegal guns, social capital, and police intensity consistent with our theoretical predictions. Based on our analysis, we derive a range of policy recommendations.

Suggested Citation

  • Kukharskyy, Bohdan & Seiffert, Sebastian, 2017. "Gun violence in the U.S.: Correlates and causes," Hohenheim Discussion Papers in Business, Economics and Social Sciences 04-2017, University of Hohenheim, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:hohdps:042017
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    gun violence; illegal guns; social capital; police intensity;

    JEL classification:

    • K14 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Criminal Law
    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

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